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Agricultural protection and stabilization policies: a framework of measurement in the context of agricultural adjustment

Eighteenth session of the Conference of FAO, Rome, Italy, 8-27 Nov 1975.













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    Meeting
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    Book (series)
    The state of food and agriculture, 1994
    Forest development and policy dilemmas
    1994
    It is difficult to explain the existence of 800 million malnourished people in a world of abundance and with societies capable of admirable scientific and technological feats; our inability to counter the depletion of more than 15 million ha of tropical forest each year during the past decade; or the fact that rich countries and societies have tended to become richer and needy ones needier, while external assistance, particularly to agriculture, has shown a decline in real terms in recent years. The State of Food and Agriculture 1994 examines these issues in the light of recent trends and developments, with a particular focus on the way policy-makers "conduct agriculture". As a special feature, it discusses the difficult policy dilemmas involved in managing our forest resources in a way that ensures equilibrium between economic and social demands, sustainability of production and consumption patterns and environmental stability. This publication reports the accentuation of anomal ies and obstacles to economic progress and food security in many parts of the world, but it also reviews a number of positive recent developments in the global political, economic and institutional fields that raise optimistic expectations for the future.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Stabilizing price incentives for staple grain producers in the context of broader agricultural policies
    Debates and country experiences
    2012
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    Price uncertainty is a major constraint to a sustained increase in staple food production. This paper reviews the trends and patterns of addressing this age-old problem over the course of the past several decades. Farmers in most developed countries and many Asian and Latin American countries have relied on a variety of public support programs as well as market-based marketing and price-risk management instruments to boost grain production. By contrast, inadequate support programs and weak marke t-based production services have led to stagnating production and increasing dependence on food imports in many poor African countries. State-led stabilization efforts that utilize and support private sector operations, complement market-based risk management instruments and address coordination failure and missing markets provide a better incentive to increase grain production. A more coordinated market stabilization effort is required in the future as a number of long-term structural factors s uch as climate change, water scarcity, high oil prices, soil degradation, biofuel production, and speculation in financial markets, point to a scenario of more volatile grain prices.

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