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Hand-In-Hand Initiative Lao People’s Democratic Republic concept note

Unlocking the potential of agriculture to eradicate poverty and malnutrition










FAO and the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Lao People's Democratic Republic. 2021. Hand-In-Hand Initiative Lao People’s Democratic Republic concept note – Unlocking the potential of agriculture to eradicate poverty and malnutrition. Vientiane, FAO. 



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    Booklet
    Hand-In-Hand Initiative Lao People’s Democratic Republic concept note
    Unlocking the potential of agriculture to eradicate poverty and malnutrition, revised version
    2022
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    The Hand-in-Hand Initiative (HHI) was launched by the Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), QU Dongyu, to help tackle the slow and negative trends in achieving the SDG targets, in particular the persistence of extreme poverty, hunger and malnutrition. The evidence-based, country-led and country-owned Initiative seeks to accelerate the agricultural transformation and sustainable rural development and brings an innovative approach to partnering through match-making. Countries and their partners are empowered through sophisticated data sharing and model-based analytics to improve the targeting of policies, innovation and investment. HIHI is an inclusive process that aims to build partnerships, alliances and synergies among public and private actors, as well as the international development partners for the goals of eradicating poverty and hunger and reducing inequalities. It will channel the required resources – technical, financial, institutional and human capital – to where they are needed the most and where the potential for reaching the SDG 1, SDG 2 and SDG 10 targets is greatest. On the occasion of the FAO Director-General’s visit to Lao PDR in March 2020, the HIHI was discussed as an opportunity to address key impediments to achieving the SDG1, SDG2 and SDG10. The Government of Lao PDR (GoL) suggested the HIHI be implemented in the emerging economic corridor along the Lao-China railway line. This key national infrastructure connects the country with the world’s largest market, China and other countries in ASEAN – the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. HIHI enhances the capacity of previously isolated communities to effectively and sustainably take advantage of the emerging opportunities afforded by the railway. This concept note highlights a general approach and process to address key impediments to achieving SDG 1, 2 and 10 targets in Lao PDR. It intends to generate support, partnership and engagement from a wide range of new and traditional partners such as the private sector, international agencies, resource partners and the target communities themselves. The proposed approach and framework are not a blueprint but rather a flexible mechanism that will adapt to emerging opportunities and partnerships, building synergies with relevant ongoing and planned initiatives.`
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Hand-in-Hand
    Targeted investments for sustainable and at-scale agrifood systems development
    2024
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    Hand-in-Hand (HIH) is a FAO flagship Initiative aimed at driving sustainable and at-scale agrifood systems development. As a country-owned and country-led initiative, it offers tailored support and data to governments, development partners, financial institutions, and investors to help them direct agrifood investments and policies towards creating resilient, sustainable, and productive agrifood systems. By leveraging a vast range of geospatial, biophysical, and socioeconomic data through its Agro-informatics Platform, HIH enables stakeholders to identify territories with the greatest potential for agrifood investments, therefore accelerating agrifood systems transformation. Through productive partnerships and effective programme governance, HIH facilitates the implementation of targeted investments and interventions in priority areas identified by member countries, fostering sustainable rural development and contributing to the eradication of poverty, hunger, and inequalities. The Initiative's unique approach, grounded in evidence-based decision-making and partnership building, makes it a valuable resource for national governments, multilateral development banks, donors, and the private sector, offering opportunities for impactful investments in agrifood systems development.
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    FAO ECTAD Laporan Tahunan 2014 2014
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    Poultry production, and its associated activities, account for around one percent of Indonesia’s gross domestic product and provide the majority of animal protein consumed by 232 million Indonesians. A complex array of poultry enterprises, ranging from intensive commercial enterprises, to small-scale semi-intensive broiler and layer enterprises, to small backyard flockssupply poultry meat and eggs to Indonesian consumers, predominantly through traditional markets countrywide. Some 60% of all I ndonesian households keep poultry for food, additional income, entertainment ceremonial purposes. Since Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) was detected in Indonesia in 2003, the disease has infected poultry in 32 out of 34 provinces, caused the deaths of millions of poultry, and disrupted the livelihoods of large numbers of people dependent on poultry keeping. Outbreaks continue to be reported regularly on islands with dense human and poultry populations, such as Java and Sumatra, and more sporadically in Sulawesi and Bali. Despite significantdecreases in the number of HPAI outbreaks reported since 2009, HPAI continues to present a major challenge to poultry production. An annualized poultry population of approximately 1.5 billion, a large culturally and ethnically diverse human population of around 232 million, a preference for purchasing poultry products from live bird markets, and a decentralized governance system, have all contributed to the persistence of the disease. Indone sia is the most recent country in Southeast Asia to report a new incursion of clade 2.3.2.1 H5N1 virus in 2012, confiming the continued risk of expansion of newly emerging virus clades from endemic areas to new areas and the need for countries at risk to maintain vigilance. This clade 2.3.2.1 virus spread rapidly from Java to Sumatra, Bali and Sulawesi and is now fimly entrenched in Indonesia. Detections of H5 virus from environmental sampling of live bird markets in Jabodetabek in the second ha lf of 2013 show an increase in the number of markets evidencing environmental contamination. Both clade clade 2.1.3 and clade 2.3.2.1 viruses have been detected in environmental samples and are currently showing equal prevalence in Jabodetabek LBMs, indicating that both clades are co-circulating in the catchment areas of these poultry market chains. Co-circulation of both virus clades, causing outbreaks in both chicken and duck flocks, emphasises the need to review vaccination policy and the vac cine formulations which must be made available to poultry farmers to adequately protect their flocks. The Emergence of Avian Influenza A (H7N9) in China in April 2013 stresses the need for continuing surveillance for avian influenza viruses and provided an opportunity for an assessment of the risk of the introduction of this virus to Indonesia. Risk assessment and contingency planning for the introduction of emerging influenza viruses is now an on-going task of the DAH with support f rom FAO at both the country and regional levels. The FAO Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) Programme in Indonesia works to enhance the capacity and ability of the Government of Indonesia to implement its Avian Influenza Control Programme to sustainably control HPAI at village level, in the commercial poultry industry and along the market chain in order to help safeguard the health and livelihoods of the Indonesian population and reduce the global pandemic threat. Rabies is endemic in several parts of Indonesia. Bali had been rabies free until the disease was first confirmed in humans and in dogs in November 2008. FAO developed a Programme of three rabies projects with the DGLAHS, funded through the FAO Indonesia country programme, AusAID and USAID. The objectives of the Bali rabies control programme were to control rabies using a One Health approach targeting control in dogs and case management in humans through collaborative, cross-sectoral and multid isciplinary mechanisms progressing towards eventual elimination of the disease. The successful implementation of four mass dog vaccination campaigns in 2010-2013 has resulted in an impressive reduction in human rabies cases, with just one human case reported in 2013; a substantial reduction in dog cases has also occurred with only 40 cases recorded in 2013 compared to 120 in 2012. A new rabies project funded by WSPA, to support control and elimination of the disease in Flores and Lembata Islands , NTT Province, was agreed and signed by the DGLAHS in November and activities are now underway. This 2014 Annual Report provides an overview of the activities carried out under the ECTAD Programme in collaboration with and in support of the Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health Services, Ministry of Agriculture and local government livestock and animal health services in Indonesia to control both HPAI and rabies. Achievements in HPAI control across the key theme areas of strengthe ning veterinary services, capacity building, improving poultry health, and public private partnerships are presented. Activities related to the rabies programme are presented under the strengthening veterinary services theme. The activities and achievements described in this report were funded by USAID and WAP, whose their contribution and commitment are gratefully acknowledged.

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