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Guidelines for improved agricultural research for development in Egypt








Salem, S., Abdallah, E., Swelam, A., Ramasamy, S., Liu, Z. 2023. Guidelines for improved agricultural research for development in Egypt. Rome, FAO.



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    Based on the lessons drawn from the implemented agricultural research for development (AR4D)-assessment methodology, including desk review analysis and participatory discussions held with various actors and experts familiar with the National Agricultural Research Systems (NARS) of Liberia, the following guidelines are proposed to strengthen the knowledge and skills of researchers and AR4D project managers within the various NARS organizations in the country. The guidelines include recommendations that should be considered by the GOL, its development partners, NARS organizations and other stakeholders to help improve the performance of the NARS in Liberia. It is expected that the guidelines, when applied accordingly, will enhance collaboration among the main research organizations of the NARS and improve the sustainable impact of AR4D in the country. This guideline is necessary to enhance the appropriateness of practice and to improve the quality of work in NARS organizations by providing a practical framework for decision-making and maintaining a sense of responsibility and accountability within AR4D programs. Additionally, the guideline will provide the boundaries that allow researchers and other AR4D actors to make decisions for the benefit of the stakeholders and the AR4D organization. Adherence to guideline can improve the consistency of implementation, help avoid inefficiencies and optimize the value of AR4D expenditures by identifying practices that are unnecessary or unduly expensive.
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    Comprehensive assessment of national agricultural research and extension systems with a special focus on agricultural research for development in Egypt
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    This case study was conducted to provide a good understanding of the challenges and opportunities related to Egypt’s agricultural research and organizational development to draw lessons and develop supporting guidelines. This study aimed to enhance efforts exerted by Egypt’s NARS in the field of developmental research by formulating an integrated and coherent approach for research and dissemination of proven technologies and practices. Such approaches are expected to address key bottlenecks and provide the needed direction and means for sustainable improved implementation of AR4D. This can ultimately lead to enhancing and empowering the capacity of Egypt’s NARS to better inform and influence policies and facilitate institutional changes required in the agricultural sector. As part of the efforts of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to support and strengthen NARS’ research impact and their links to extension service systems, the present assessment was carried out to establish a deeper insight into challenges and opportunities that are facing NARS in Egypt.
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    Myanmar ranks as the world's third-largest pulse producer, following Canada and India, cultivating crops like black gram, pigeon pea, chickpea, and green gram. Green gram constitutes a third of total pulse exports. To enhance productivity, quality, market competitiveness, and exports, Myanmar can leverage improved crop production technologies and adopt good agricultural practices (GAP). Small resource-poor farmers can readily adopt GAP's production standards, aligned with natural agroecosystems and Indigenous knowledge. Efficient management of limited resources depends on selecting quality, environmentally safe inputs. Green gram's success for quality and safe production existing adoption and achievements in the Central Dry Zone (CDZ) regions. In view of increased consumer awareness, ensuring food safety, quality, efficiency, and conservation becomes crucial. Strengthening farmers through organization and project-guided marketing is essential for sustained productivity and resource sustainability. Under the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations’ Global Agriculture and Food Security Climate Friendly Agribusiness Value Chain (FAO-GAFSP-CFAVC) Programme, GAP dissemination for five crops, including green gram, involves upgrading existing practices based on Myanmar’s GAP to ASEAN's GAP standards. The upgraded GAP version focuses on food safety, quality, worker health, safety, and environmental management. Implementing GAP enhances food safety and quality while promoting ecological sustainability in rice–legumes based production systems. Identified gaps in knowledge, access, and efficiency of inputs and services for green gram were addressed through a comprehensive situational analysis, involving project collaboration with various stakeholders including market actors. Validation and contextualization were achieved through data research, stakeholder discussions, and insights from relevant stakeholders. The dissemination of GAP involves capacity building of the farmers and relevant stakeholders, pulse growers associations, public–private partners, and value chain actors. The framework focuses pre- and post-harvest practices for safe, quality green gram production tailored to small and medium farmers. Key messages promote easy agronomic management practices. GAP rollout includes farmer organization support, technical assistance, market linkages, and training, supplemented by on-farm demonstrations, farmer field schools, and Information and communications technology (ICT) tools. User-friendly integrated pest management (IPM) handbooks and farmer field school (FFS) curriculum complement the framework, aiding farmers' capacity building and supporting existing GAP initiatives.

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