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New development model(s) for desert and oasian zones – Libya









Megri, A., Aisawi, K., Amrani, M. and Helal, S. 2022. New development model(s) for desert and oasian zones – Libya. Tunis, FAO.




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    The ongoing civil war has led to a dire humanitarian situation and the destruction of the country’s healthcare capacity and other basic infrastructure. The effects of COVID-19-related restrictions have further exacerbated the situation and increased the vulnerability of numerous households. After the first cases were detected in March 2020, both Governments took steps to control its spread including further border closures, import restrictions and restrictions on the movement of food supplies, as well as the closure of schools, markets and some businesses. Many areas in the country are reporting availability problems for basic food items. In addition, access to food-related commodities such as cooking gas is currently limited and costly. This is due to high inflation, exchange rate fluctuations and liquidity problems. The Import of goods into Libya has also been affected as a result of restrictions imposed by exporting countries, causing a reduction in food supply in Libya. These issues, coupled with an increase in unemployment, are reducing the capacity of households to meet their basic food needs. Numerous Libyans who were considered food secure before the pandemic are now facing food shortages. Migrants, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees are among the most-affected population groups, mainly because their employment sources and opportunities have been severely reduced due to the COVID-19 containment measures. Rural Libyan farmers in the southern region of the country as well as in Benghazi have also been heavily affected. In the framework of the Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    Ce rapport décrit la mission d'appui de la FAO au Maroc pour établir une politique inter-acteurs autour de la vision stratégique de développement durable à long terme des zones désertiques et oasiennes. Cette collaboration vise à intégrer les acteurs au niveau stratégique et politique pour mettre en œuvre des plans de développement territorial et définir le modèle de développement approprié pour les zones désertiques et oasiennes. L'objectif de cette mission est d'appuyer la mise en œuvre de stratégies de développement pour assurer une meilleure productivité et durabilité des secteurs de l'agriculture, de la forêt et de la pêche, et de renforcer la résilience des outils des populations locales pour faire face aux différentes menaces climatiques ainsi qu'aux crises sanitaires. La recherche de solutions à ces défis complexes et interdépendants nécessite une approche globale et innovante, fortement participative et prospective, en termes d'options de développement territorial.
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    Sustainable Control of the Desert Locust in West and Northwest Africa - GCP/INT/232/EC 2020
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    The desert locust is a dangerous pest which destroys crops and pastures, threatens food security and the economic, social, health and environmental stability of the countries in the western area of its range (west and northwestern Africa). To combat this scourge, ten countries (Algeria, Burkina Faso, Chad, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, the Niger, Senegal and Tunisia) joined together in 2002 to form the Commission for Controlling the Desert Locust in the Western Region (CLCPRO) and coordinate the preventive control strategy. This regional institution has been instrumental in containing a number of locust outbreaks in recent years, notably by implementing FAO's Emergency prevention system in west and northwest African Countries (EMPRES-WR). The project was designed to contribute to the implementation of Phase II of the EMPRES-WR Programme by building capacity at national and regional levels and deploying mechanisms for the sustainable management of the Desert Locust Preventive Control System in the Western Region.

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