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Crop production manual

A guide to fruit and vegetable production in the Federated States of Micronesia










​FAO. 2020. Crop production manual: A guide to fruit and vegetable production in the Federated States of Micronesia. Apia




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    Project
    Strengthening the Capacity of Farmers’ Associations to Increase Production and Marketing of Root Crops, Fruits and Vegetables in Federated States of Micronesia - TCP/MIC/3601 2020
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    The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) faces a number of challenges in ensuring food security and sustainable livelihoods for a growing population. These include a stagnant economy, limited employment, increasing poverty, limited agriculture and an epidemic of nutritional disorders. The country is also highly vulnerable to the effects of natural disasters and climate change, in particular given its number of low-lying atolls. FSM is also affected by drought as a result of El Niño. Prior to the project, one of the major constraints to increasing domestic agriculture production in FSM was a lack of farm inputs or appropriate sustainable crop production and soil management technologies for farmers to increase local production of food crops, fruits and vegetables. Poor soils, pest and diseases outbreaks were also prevalent. With limited market opportunities and low competitive advantages of local agricultural products. Agricultural production in the FSM was far below the level needed to meet the domestic demand. In addition, the Department of Resources and Development had limited technical capacity to provide effective extension support services to farmers. In the context outlined above, the project aimed to strengthen the capacity of farmers’ associations in Yap and Pohnpei to increase domestic agricultural production, both for import substitution and potential export opportunities. The desired increase in agricultural production was expected to be linked with a focus on the development of marketing skills, allowing farmers to supply consistent and high-quality produce for local market and potential export markets, thereby increasing their income level. This project has contributed to the capacities of farmers to supply a consistently higher quantity and quality of root crops, fruits and vegetable to both the local market and potential export markets.
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    Booklet
    A risk assessment for the introduction of African swine fever into the Federated States of Micronesia 2022
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    This report describes a risk assessment mission in the Federated States of Micronesia, undertaken by the EpiCentre, School of Veterinary Sciences, Massey University, and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) under FAO Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP/SAP/3801). The overall aim was to evaluate the risk of introducing the African swine fever virus (ASFV) into the Federated States of Micronesia and use the findings to propose recommendations that enable professionals, communities and key stakeholders to implement prevention and mitigation measures to reduce the impacts of African swine fever (ASF) incursion. ASF is a highly contagious viral disease of domestic and wild pigs. It has emerged from Africa, spreading to eastern Europe, China and Southeast Asia. Due to ASF outbreaks in Asia and Papua New Guinea, Pacific Islands countries now prioritise preventing the introduction of ASF. A risk assessment of ASFV introduction is necessary for deciding which preventive actions would be most effective. The assessment of risk was conducted using the OIE import risk analysis framework. The most likely pathway for introducing ASFV into the Federated States of Micronesia was importing unauthorised pork products that international arrival passengers may bring in via airport or searport. Should infected products enter the Federated States of Micronesia, there is a distinct pathway for exposure because pigs are routinely fed food scraps (swill) from households. The likelihood of transmission of ASFV to other susceptible pigs was considered extremely high due to the lack of farm biosecurity and the presence of feral pigs. The assessment method was a systematic, qualitative import risk analysis of ASFV introduction to the Federated States of Micronesia. Results provide information about high-risk areas for ASF introduction, exposure and spread in FSM. They also identify gaps in control and prevention measures. The following steps are being proposed to minimise the likelihood of entry and exposure and the consequence of ASFV introduction.
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    Project
    Developing a National Agriculture Census in the Federated States of Micronesia - TCP/MIC/3503 2019
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    A national census of agriculture had not been carried out in the Federated States of Micronesia since 1969, and very limited accurate and consistent agricultural data was available. As a result of this, the Government had great difficulty in designing appropriate policies and making meaningful plans for the sector. The Federated States of Micronesia Agriculture Policy (2012-2016) provided an overarching policy framework for the sector, which included a clear commitment to an agriculture census. However, as a small island country, very limited resources were available and any major statistical activity required external support. Against this background, the project was approved to support the Government to carry out an agriculture census.

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