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The Sudan Flood Response Plan 2020–2021

Supporting flood-affected farmers and pastoralists









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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    The Sudan | 2020 Flood Response overview 2020
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    Since July 2020, torrential rains and flooding combined with the historical overflow of the River Nile and its tributaries, the highest levels in a century, have impacted 17 states out of 18 in the Sudan. The flooding is the latest in a series of shocks and is exacerbating the already fragile situation. Since the start of 2020, the population of the Sudan has faced numerous challenges including desert locust invasions, which may return and worsen as the current floods improve breeding conditions, and the socio-economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic that have contributed to the highest annual inflation rate in decades (111.23 percent in May 2020). Food insecurity in the Sudan has reached historical levels with 9.6 million people (21 percent of the population) facing acute food insecurity at crisis or worse levels; a 65 percent increase compared with the same period last year and the highest ever recorded in the country by the IPC. This increase in humanitarian needs comes after a year of civil unrest and socio-political change. FAO is already acting to support the people of the Sudan. In mid-September, FAO jointly with the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources and Ministries of Production and Economic Resources conducted a rapid assessment to document the damages caused by floods and waterlogging on crops and livestock. The results of the assessment will inform FAO's response to the emergency, as it works with the Government and key partners to mitigate the impact of the floods and restore the livelihoods of at-risk populations.
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    Booklet
    The Sudan Flood Impact Rapid Assessment – September 2020 2020
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    Since July 2020, heavy rains and flooding combined with historical overflow of the River Nile and its tributaries have affected most of the states in Sudan, causing devastating damage alongside riverbanks in the northern, central and eastern regions of the country. More than 100 people lost their lives due to the floods, and displacement and massive destruction of infrastructure were registered. In view of this disaster, the Government of Sudan declared on 4 September 2020 a three-month state of emergency and formulated a supreme committee to deal with the disaster and its impacts. Several countries and humanitarian actors are currently supporting the country to mitigate the impact of floods on affected people through provision of urgent supplies, especially food, shelter and medicine aid packages. As a result, FAO Sudan, jointly with the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, and the Ministries of Production and Economic Resources, conducted a rapid impact assessment in mid-September. The assessment covered 15 states and 80 localities affected, with the intention of estimating the degree of damage to the agriculture sector and formulating emergency response interventions to support the population in need. In addition, the Ministry of Irrigation established a technical taskforce to document the damage caused by the floods in the irrigated sector. Moreover, the damage that occurred to the planted areas in the irrigated schemes was assessed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources and its result was captured by FAO in this report.
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    Document
    Pakistan Floods. Rapid Response Plan September 2011 2011
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    Torrential monsoon rains have triggered severe flooding in Pakistan, primarily in Sindh Province. Before the monsoon season began, forecasts predicted 10% below normal rains for Sindh and the southern parts of the country for the 2011 monsoon season. However, by 10 August, heavy rains began affecting districts of southern Sindh and extended to the northern regions of the province and adjoining areas of south Punjab and north-eastern Balochistan. While this spell lasted till mid-August, anothe r more debilitating and sustained rain spell heavily affected areas across the entire Sindh Province from the end of August until 14 September. Concurrent impact in adjoining vast areas of Balochistan has resulted in serious humanitarian consequences including in South Punjab. In Sindh, the central and southern districts have been the worst affectedF1F. These rains caused widespread breaches in the agricultural and saline water canals, particularly in the Left Bank Outfall Drain, which exa cerbated flood impact in Badin, Mirpurkhas and Tharparkar districts, among others. Continued rains have seriously impeded delivery of emergency services and flood impacted mitigation works. Outflow of the draining flood water is compromised due to poor infrastructure and lack of maintenance of the drainage routes. Some parts of Karachi and Hyderabad have also experienced urban flooding. Flood waters are likely to stagnate in most of the affected regions for the foreseeable future. As the monsoon season continues, the impact upon the population is intensifying with 5.4 million people affected to date. In Sindh, in particular, the concentration is most severe and all 23 districts have been affected to some degree. It is expected that the population will continue to be uprooted from their homes to seek refuge in the short term as more areas are affected. While some are housed in Government appointed shelters, more seek higher ground along bunds and roads. In Balochistan, five districts are affected and notified (considered seriously affected by the national authorities).F2 The Government of Pakistan, through the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) and utilising the Armed Forces‟ logistical capacity, has taken the lead in responding to the disaster with the deployment of rescue and life-saving relief operations. Responses are being adapted to the emerging situation as rains across Sindh and the southern part of the country are exceptional in their quantum and spatial impact. Vast tracts which include traditional camp sites are flooded. Utilizing the preparations made through the contingency planning process, shelter locations were identified, search and rescue capacities reinforced and mass communication schemes devised. These contingency plans were activated to alert population of potential flooding and to enable some to move to shelters in advance of the floods.F3F While the authorities are continuing to mobilize relief items for the af fected population, access issues due to damaged infrastructure and continuing heavy rain are hampering the delivery of aid. Over the medium to long-term relief, the food security situation in the country is likely to be affected by the significant loss of crops, agricultural land, and livestock. While the Government (NDMA and the Provincial Disaster Management Authorities) will lead the relief and recovery activities in flood-affected areas, the humanitarian community has been asked to suppo rt the response by covering gaps where the needs exceed the government‟s response capacity. In response to the Government‟s request for assistance on 6 September 2011, the Humanitarian Country Team has developed this Rapid Response Plan as a strategic plan to address the needs of the population in support to the Government‟s relief interventions. This plan will follow two phases: • The first phase focuses on critical needs of the severely affected families in the areas of food security, safe d rinking water and purification materials, sanitation and hygiene, emergency health services, tents and shelter kits, cooking sets, mosquito nets, and other non-food items along with critical early recovery, community restoration and capacity building needs. • The second phase will provide a revised plan based on data collected from needs assessments. This Rapid Response Plan seeks US$F4F356.7 million to enable United Nations agencies, nongovernmental organizations and the International Org anization for Migration to support the Government of Pakistan in addressing the needs of flood-affected families for six months. The plan will be revised within 30 days to more accurately reflect humanitarian needs as the situation evolves and additional assessments are completed which include early recovery strategies for helping people recover and rebuild their lives.

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