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Funding Strategy for the Implementation of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture









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    International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture 2009
    For more information, visit the ITPGRFA website . The objectives of this Treaty are the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of their use, in harmony with the Convention on Biological Diversity, for sustainable agriculture and food security. These objectives will be attained by closely linking this Treaty to the Food and Agriculture O rganization of the United Nations and to the Convention on Biological Diversity.
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    A Global Instrument on Agrobiodiversity: The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture 2002
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    On 3 November 2001, the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (the “Treaty”) 3 was adopted by the FAO Conference at its 31 st session in Rome, by Resolution 3/2001 (text in the Annex), with 116 favourable votes, no dissenting votes, and two abstentions 4 . The Treaty is a new, legally-binding instrument which seeks to ensure the conservation and sustainable management of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture, as well as the fair and equitable sha ring of the benefits arising from their use (Article 1.1). Being at the crossroads between agriculture, commerce and the environment, the Treaty also aims at promoting synergy among these areas (Preamble).
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    ABS Elements: Elements to facilitate domestic implementation of access and benefit-sharing for different subsectors of genetic resources for food and agriculture with explanatory notes 2019
    The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity has been hailed as a giant step towards the implementation of the third objective of the Convention: the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources, including by appropriate access to them. Implementing this third objective is intended to contribute to the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components, the other two objectives of the Convention. The Protocol confronts policy-makers and administrators responsible for its implementation at the national level with a number of challenges. One of these challenges is the Protocol’s obligation to consider, in the development and implementation of access and benefit-sharing measures, the importance of genetic resources for food and agriculture and their special role for food security. The Elements to Facilitate Domestic Implementation of Access and Benefit-Sharing for Different Subsectors of Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture aim to assist governments considering developing, adapting or implementing access and benefit-sharing measures, to take into account the importance of genetic resources for food and agriculture (GRFA), their special role for food security and the distinctive features of their different subsectors, while complying, as applicable, with international instruments. This publication contains the original ABS Elements as well as the explanatory notes describing, within the context of the ABS Elements, the distinctive features and specific practices of the different subsectors of GRFA. The explanatory notes were welcomed by the Commission and the FAO Conference in 2019.

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