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Integrated approaches to the management of food safety throughout the food chain









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    Approches intégrées de la gestion de la sécurité sanitaire des aliments tout au long de la chaîne alimentaire 2002
    La plupart des pays qui disposent de systèmes permettant d'enregistrer les maladies d'origine alimentaire ont signalé une augmentation considérable ces dix dernières années de l'incidence des maladies dues à des micro-organismes pathogènes dans les aliments. Dans les pays industrialisés, jusqu'à une personne sur trois peut être touchée par une maladie d'origine alimentaire chaque année et dans la plupart des autres pays, la situation est probablement pire. Outre qu'elles provoquent la mort et de s souffrances, les maladies d'origine alimentaire ont des conséquences économiques très importantes, qui se chiffrent dans certains pays en milliards de dollars. En Europe, l'encéphalopathie spongiforme bovine (ESB, la "maladie de la vache folle") et la contamination des aliments par des dioxines ont rendu les consommateurs méfiants quant à la salubrité des aliments sur le marché, ce qui a eu de graves répercussions économiques. Souvent, les origines des problèmes de salubrité des aliments remon tent à la contamination des produits pour animaux ou à d'autres facteurs qui interviennent à un stade précoce de la chaîne alimentaire; jusqu'à récemment, les responsables de la sécurité sanitaire des aliments ne s'étaient guère intéressés à ce domaine.
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    The need to build the capacity of consumer organisations for improved participation in Codex 2001
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    The role consumer organisations can have in strengthening the capacity and effectiveness of food safety and control systems in developing countries cannot be underestimated. From the standards setting process to the monitoring of foods in the marketplace, consumer organisations provide a critical yet neutral voice in supporting government efforts to improve the safety consumers face in the market place. Their involvement furthers consumer confidence in government systems and processes. Howe ver for them to play their full role, more work is needed to build the capacity of these organisations and also ensure their voice is heard within policy making processes. Consumers International has been successful in strengthening consumer organisations' ability to contribute to food safety issues. However these efforts need to be supported directly by Codex Alimentarius. Consumers International acknowledges the trust proposed by both FAO/WHO and are hopeful that some of the proceeds from this fund will be used to address the issues on capacity building of consumer organisations raised by this paper.
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    Reducing of Food-borne hazards, including microbiological and others, with emphasis on emerging hazards 2002
    The ultimate risk management goal of food safety regulators is the control or reduction of food-borne hazards and in turn, reduction in the incidence of food-borne illness. Risk management involves weighing policy alternatives in light of available data and selecting and implementing appropriate control options for protecting the public health. To be effective, risk management strategies must be developed with a continual exchange of information by all interested parties, thus ensuring that the process and the strategies are considered transparent and are trusted. In addition, risk management strategies must continually change as new hazards emerge and as scientific and technological advances occur.

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