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From reference levels to results reporting – REDD+ under the UNFCCC












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    Book (series)
    From reference levels to results reporting: REDD+ under the UNFCCC
    2018 update
    2018
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    The aim of this publication is to inform countries about the latest developments in the Measurement, Reporting and Verification for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation, and the role of sustainable management of forests, conservation and enhancement of forest carbon stocks, known as REDD+. It provides an update on forest reference (emission) levels (FREL/FRLs) and REDD+ results submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The report illustrates the choices that countries made when they constructed their FREL/FRLs and areas for improvement identified during technical assessments. The report also provides an update of the evolving context of REDD+, including a summary of the Green Climate Fund’s recently approved pilot programme for results-based payments for REDD+. As of early 2018, the following REDD+ measurement, reporting and verification milestones had been achieved: Thirty-four countries had submitted 38 FREL/FRLs to the UNFCCC for technical assessment. The UNFCCC had published 22 FREL/FRL technical assessment reports, and a further 16 technical assessments were ongoing. Four countries had reported REDD+ results to the UNFCCC through five REDD+ results submissions (in the REDD+ technical annex of their biennial update reports), totalling more than 6 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide-equivalent in emission reductions, mostly in Brazil. All five technical analyses of REDD+ results had been completed. Eighty-eight percent of the countries that had submitted FREL/FRLs had completed or were establishing national forest inventories.
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    Book (series)
    From reference levels to results reporting: REDD+ under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
    2019 update
    2019
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    This report provides an update on forest reference (emission) levels (FREL/FRLs) and Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Plus (REDD+) results submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and relevant developments under the Green Climate Fund concerning REDD+ results-based payments. It illustrates the choices countries have made when constructing their FREL/FRLs and areas for improvement identified during technical assessments. As of early July 2019, the following REDD+ measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) milestones had been achieved: 39 countries had submitted 45 FREL/FRLs to the UNFCCC for technical assessment; 8 countries had reported REDD+ results to the UNFCCC through ten submissions (in the REDD+ technical annex of their biennial update reports), totalling more than 8 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2eq) in emission reductions. Two funding proposals (Brazil and Ecuador) for REDD+ results-based payments had been approved by the Green Climate Fund. The aim of this paper is to inform countries about recent developments in the MRV of REDD+ activities under the UNFCCC. Certain developments are detailed out in the report, such as progress in uncertainty reporting and methods used to assess deforestation. Such information can help countries to learn from each other’s experiences and thus facilitate South–South knowledge exchange on REDD+.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Emerging approaches to Forest Reference Emission Levels and/or Forest Reference Levels for REDD+ 2015
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    The information in the document corresponds to the situation in October 2014, for the most recent overview of UNFCCC FREL/FRL submissions please consult this link.

    This document provides examples of emerging approaches to FREL/FRL development adopted in different contexts, including for demonstration activities by countries seeking to take actions to reduce GHG emissions or enhance forest carbon stocks in the forest sector. Analysis is provided on technical features in the early development of FREL/FRLs. The publication contains a list of country examples that is however not complete; not every country working on their FREL/FRL methodology is included in the analysis, which aims to be illustrative of the diversity of approaches taken rather than comprehensive. To date, one country has submitted a FREL under the UNFCCC which is why most examples are related to FREL/FRLs prepared for demonstr ation activities. The document will be regularly updated with additional information, including UNFCCC submissions of FREL/FRLs as they become available.

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