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世界粮食和农业领域土地及水资源状况:濒临崩溃的系统

概要报告











粮农组织。2021。《世界粮⻝⾷食和农业领域⼟土地及⽔水资源状况:系统濒临极限》2021 年概要报告。





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    Book (series)
    世界粮食和农业领域土地及水资源状况
    濒危系统的管理
    2011
    到2050年,全球范围内的粮食产量预计需要再递增70%左右,而在发展中国家这一比例将近100%。面对粮食增产的这一需求,再加上其他领域需求的争夺,使全球许多农业生产系统纷纷置于前所未有的压力之下。这些“濒临系统”正处于愈演愈烈的水土资源大战之中,而且还经常受到不可持续的农耕方式的掣肘。因此,需要对其特别注意并采取具体的救助措施。《世界粮食和农业领域土地及水资源状况》(SOLAW)就这些高危领域如何克服制约因素并改善资源管理探讨了多种方案。在每一个领域,除了要在制度和政策上作出一些列调整外,还必须将其与扩大技术应用结合起来,以获得更好的水土资源管理效果。另外,加大投资力度、提供新型融资机制以及开展国际合作与开发援助也有助于克服这些制约因素。本书作为《世界粮食和农业领域土地及水资源状况》第一期,是对联合国粮食及农业组织出版的其他“世界状况”类报告的一个补充,其旨在揭示国家与国际层面上的论争和决策情况。
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    The State of the World’s Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture – Systems at breaking point (SOLAW 2021)
    Synthesis report 2021
    2021
    Satisfying the changing food habits and increased demand for food intensifies pressure on the world’s water, land and soil resources. However, agriculture bears great promise to alleviate these pressures and provide multiple opportunities to contribute to global goals. Sustainable agricultural practices lead to water saving, soil conservation, sustainable land management, conservation of natural resources, ecosystem and climate change benefits. Accomplishing this requires accurate information and a major change in how we manage these resources. It also requires complementing efforts from outside the natural resources management domain to maximize synergies and manage trade-offs.The objective of SOLAW 2021 is to build awareness of the status of land and water resources, highlighting the risks, and informing on related opportunities and challenges, also underlining the essential contribution of appropriate policies, institutions and investments. Recent assessments, projections and scenarios from the international community show the continued and increasing depletion of land and water resources, loss of biodiversity, associated degradation and pollution, and scarcity in the primary natural resources. SOLAW 2021 highlights the major risks and trends related to land and water and presents means of resolving competition among users and generating multiple benefits for people and the environment. The DPSIR framework was followed in order to identify the Drivers, Pressures, Status, Impact and Responses. SOLAW 2021 provides an update of the knowledge base and presents a suite of responses and actions to inform decision-makers in the public, private, and civil sectors for a transformation from degradation and vulnerability toward sustainability and resilience.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (stand-alone)
  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (series)
    世界粮食和农业领域土地及水资源状况
    濒危系统的管理
    2011
    到2050年,全球范围内的粮食产量预计需要再递增70%左右,而在发展中国家这一比例将近100%。面对粮食增产的这一需求,再加上其他领域需求的争夺,使全球许多农业生产系统纷纷置于前所未有的压力之下。这些“濒临系统”正处于愈演愈烈的水土资源大战之中,而且还经常受到不可持续的农耕方式的掣肘。因此,需要对其特别注意并采取具体的救助措施。《世界粮食和农业领域土地及水资源状况》(SOLAW)就这些高危领域如何克服制约因素并改善资源管理探讨了多种方案。在每一个领域,除了要在制度和政策上作出一些列调整外,还必须将其与扩大技术应用结合起来,以获得更好的水土资源管理效果。另外,加大投资力度、提供新型融资机制以及开展国际合作与开发援助也有助于克服这些制约因素。本书作为《世界粮食和农业领域土地及水资源状况》第一期,是对联合国粮食及农业组织出版的其他“世界状况”类报告的一个补充,其旨在揭示国家与国际层面上的论争和决策情况。
  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (stand-alone)
    The State of the World’s Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture – Systems at breaking point (SOLAW 2021)
    Synthesis report 2021
    2021
    Satisfying the changing food habits and increased demand for food intensifies pressure on the world’s water, land and soil resources. However, agriculture bears great promise to alleviate these pressures and provide multiple opportunities to contribute to global goals. Sustainable agricultural practices lead to water saving, soil conservation, sustainable land management, conservation of natural resources, ecosystem and climate change benefits. Accomplishing this requires accurate information and a major change in how we manage these resources. It also requires complementing efforts from outside the natural resources management domain to maximize synergies and manage trade-offs.The objective of SOLAW 2021 is to build awareness of the status of land and water resources, highlighting the risks, and informing on related opportunities and challenges, also underlining the essential contribution of appropriate policies, institutions and investments. Recent assessments, projections and scenarios from the international community show the continued and increasing depletion of land and water resources, loss of biodiversity, associated degradation and pollution, and scarcity in the primary natural resources. SOLAW 2021 highlights the major risks and trends related to land and water and presents means of resolving competition among users and generating multiple benefits for people and the environment. The DPSIR framework was followed in order to identify the Drivers, Pressures, Status, Impact and Responses. SOLAW 2021 provides an update of the knowledge base and presents a suite of responses and actions to inform decision-makers in the public, private, and civil sectors for a transformation from degradation and vulnerability toward sustainability and resilience.

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