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Global Programme on Banana Fusarium Wilt Disease










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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Preventing the spread and introduction of banana fusarium wilt disease Tropical race 4 (TR4)
    Guide for travelers
    2020
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    Banana is an important crop for food security and ensuring the livelihoods of approximately 400 million people who depend on the crop either as a staple food or source of income, particularly in Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean. Plant pests and diseases can seriously affect agricultural production and livelihood of rural people. Fusarium wilt of banana is one of the key examples of crop devastation by a plant disease. This disease brought the banana export industry almost to a halt in the 20th century when the popular banana variety Gros Michel was devastated in Central America. The sector was saved by the introduction of the Cavendish variety, which is resistant to race 1 of the fungus. However, Cavendish bananas are now succumbing to a new, highly aggressive strain of the Fusarium wilt fungus, Tropical race 4 (TR4). Fusarium wilt TR4 threatens almost all banana producers, posing the greatest risks to countries producing Cavendish bananas in monoculture plantations in Asia, Australia, Africa, the Near East, Latin America, and the Caribbean. Cavendish bananas, which constitute approximately half of the bananas grown globally are highly susceptible to TR4, but other dessert banana varieties grown in these regions are also susceptible. Once established in a banana plantation, the fungus can survive in the soil for decades with its chlamydospores, even without banana plants. Scientific reports indicate the presence of TR4 in numerous countries in Asia (China – mainland and Taiwan Province), India, Indonesia, Israel, Jordan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Malaysia, Myanmar,
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    Global programme on Banana Fusarium Wilt Disease 2017
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    Fusarium wilt disease has been a major constraint to banana production for more than a century. FAO, Bioversity International, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture and the World Banana Forum are implementing The Global Programme on Prevention of Fusarium wilt (FW) disease of Banana. It is designed on three main fronts of action: preventing future outbreaks, managing existing cases, and strengthening international collaboration and coordination among institutions, researchers, governme nts and producers.
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    Report: FAO Conference on Fusarium TR4 - Capacity Building and Awareness Raising in Response to the Threat of Fusarium Wilt of Banana, Tropical Race 4
    Day 1 - Current Context, Impact and Risk Communication
    2021
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    Various FAO divisions collaborated to organize a series of webinars focused on capacity development and awareness raising on various topics related to Fusarium wilt of Musaceae, Tropical Race 4 (TR4). The webinar series aimed technical teams from national and regional plant protection organizations (NPPO and RPPO), private sector companies, corporations and associations of banana producers and exporters from Latin America and the Caribbean and other geographical areas. Academics and scientists from different universities and regional and international research centers linked to banana production also participated. The conference focused on providing an overview of the context and impact of the disease in Latin America, including updates on biosecurity measures, surveillance and TR4 management, covering the possibilities of using mobile applications and remote sensing technologies, advances in biological control, obtaining promising clones and procedures for the introduction of Musaceae plant materials safely. The first session focused on the current context of the disease in Latin America and the Caribbean, highlighting challenges, economic impact, and opportunities for collaboration.

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