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Building sustainable and resilient city region food systems

Assessment and planning handbook









FAO. 2023. Building sustainable and resilient city region food systems – Assessment and planning handbookRome.




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    City region food system tools and examples 2018
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    FAO, RUAF Foundation and Wilfrid Laurier University with the financial support of the German Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture and the Daniel and Nina Carasso Foundation embarked in the period 2015-2017 on a collaborative programme to assess and plan sustainable city region food systems in 7 cities around the world: Colombo (Sri Lanka), Lusaka and Kitwe (Zambia), Medellin (Colombia), Quito (Ecuador), Toronto (Canada and Utrecht (the Netherlands). This City Region Food System (CRFS) toolkit provides guidance on how to assess and plan for sustainable city region food systems. It includes practical tools and examples from the seven cities on how to: • Define and map the city region; • Collect data on the city region food system; • Gather and analyse information on different CRFS components and sustainability dimensions through both rapid and in-depth assessments; • Use a multi-stakeholder process to engage policymakers and other stakeholders in the design of more sustainable and resilient city region food systems. The City Region Food System assessment is aimed to help strengthen the understanding of the current functioning and performance of a food system in the context of a city region, within which rural and urban areas and communities are directly linked. It forms the basis for further development of policies and programmes to promote the sustainability and resilience of CRFS. The CRFS assessment and planning approach advocated builds on a formalised process of identifying and engaging all relevant stakeholders from the start of assessment through to policy review and planning. This means that a CRFS process can result, not only in revised or new urban food policies, strategies and projects, but also in the creation of new -or revitalization of existing- networks for food governance and policy development, such as urban food policy councils and in new institutional food programmes and policies. Each city region has its own context, so no guidelines will fit all. This toolkit is however structured in seven sections or steps generally involved in any CRFS assessment and planning process, based on actual experiences in the project partner cities: • Getting prepared • Defining the CRFS • Vision • CRFS Scan • CRFS Assessment • Policy Support and Planning • Governance The toolkit tells the story of why and how project cities have been implementing this process and what outcomes they achieved. It is meant to be a resource for policymakers, researchers, and other key stakeholders and participants who want to better understand their own CRFS and plan for improvements. In this way the examples and tools documented provide valuable experiences and lessons that may accelerate the development of similar initiatives in other city regions around the world, wishing to apply, or to customise, and to up-scale similar practices. Resources: For a detailed description of the CRFS assessment process, city examples, tools and project outputs, please go to: http://www.fao.org/in-action/food-for-cities-programme/toolkit/introduction/en/ http://www.ruaf.org/projects/developing-tools-mapping-and-assessing-sustainable-city-region-food-systems-cityfoodtools
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    Building more sustainable and resilient food system in Kitwe city region 2018
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    The Food for the Cities Programme aims at assessing and planning more sustainable city region food systems (CRFS). It is a global programme implemented by FAO and the RUAF Foundation in eight (8) city regions in the world. In collaboration with the Copperbelt University, a food system assessment was conducted to understand the strengths and challenges faced by the city region. A second phase of policy dialogue and planning was then conducted, involving multistakeholder thematic working groups building up strategies to make the CRFS more sustainable and resilient. This policy brief presents the main outcomes of this assessment and dialogue process, and recommendations for the way forward.
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    Enhancing Sustainability and Resilience to Effects of Climate Change in City Region Food Systems - GCP/INT/275/GER 2019
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    Today, about 55 percent of the world’s population lives in urban areas, a proportion that is expected to increase to 68 percent by 2050. The majority of this growth will be in Africa and Southeast Asia. The rapid urbanization and the estimated nine-billion world population by 2050 creates enormous challenges to conventional food production and food and nutrition security. At the same time, climate change is posing additional challenges, affecting cities and their surrounding areas. The number of reported natural hazards (such as droughts, floods, storms, etc.) has almost doubled in the last two decades. An increase in climate change related risks is affecting processes and stakeholders along the entire food system. Increasing food prices resulting from disruptions in production and transport directly impact consumers, especially low-income groups in city regions that are highly dependent on purchased food. Cities are requesting support to plan interventions to make food systems more sustainable, inclusive and resilient to natural shocks, with strong rural-urban linkages, including and emphasizing the role of small-scale farmers, to scale up sustainable practices and improve the food system in a holistic manner. Against this background, the city region food systems (CRFS) programme was established. The programme has been demonstrating its effectiveness in strengthening rural-urban linkages and integrating sectors for a more sustainable and resilient food system. The need now is to combine the assessment work based on past and present data with future scenarios on climate change impact in the city region contexts.

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