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The unjust climate

Measuring the impacts of climate change on the rural poor, women and youth: Summary








The full report is available here


FAO. 2024. The unjust climate – Measuring the impacts of climate change on the rural poor, women and youth: Summary. Rome.                 




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    Book (stand-alone)
    The unjust climate
    Measuring the impacts of climate change on rural poor, women and youth
    2024
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    Developing policies to foster inclusive rural transformation processes requires better evidence on how climate change is affecting the livelihoods and economic behaviours of vulnerable rural people, including women, youths and people living in poverty. In particular, there is little comparative, multi-country and multi-region evidence to understand how exposure to weather shocks and climate change affects the drivers of rural transformation and adaptive actions across different segments of rural societies and in different agro-ecological contexts. This evidence is essential because, while climate risk and adaptive actions are context specific and require local solutions, global evidence is important for identifying shared vulnerabilities and priority actions for scaling up effective responses. This report assembles an impressive set of data from 24 low- and middle-income countries in five world regions to measure the effects of climate change on rural women, youths and people living in poverty. It analyses socioeconomic data collected from 109 341 rural households (representing over 950 million rural people) in these 24 countries. These data are combined in both space and time with 70 years of georeferenced data on daily precipitation and temperatures. The data enable us to disentangle how different types of climate stressors affect people’s on-farm, off-farm and total incomes, labour allocations and adaptive actions, depending on their wealth, gender and age characteristics.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Assessing the digital readiness and communication ecosystem of rural youth
    Methodological guidelines
    2024
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    Digitalization is a potential game-changer to boost youth engagement and leadership in agrifood systems. Digital engagement can increase youth access to timely information, training, or marketing opportunities while providing more venues for peer learning, networking, and participation in policy dialogues. Yet, the transformative power of digital technologies also entails the risk of widening existing divides. As we seek to engage youth in the digital space, we must consider a series of interrelated factors that influence their online experiences ranging from digital access, use, and literacy, to overall information flows, offline communication resources, social interactions, and the norms shaping them. These methodological guidelines will be a useful resource for development professionals who wish to leverage communication and digital technologies in their work with and for youth. The document provides an analytical framework and practical orientation to conduct age-specific and gender-responsive research on digital readiness and the overall communication ecosystem of young people in order to inform inclusive engagement strategies and youth-centred digital services. Section 1 explains the rationale behind investing time and resources in appraising the existing communication ecosystem before designing any initiative aimed at engaging youth in agrifood systems and in rural areas. Section 2 outlines an analytical framework to unpack the digital readiness and the communication ecosystem of young rural women and men along major investigation areas: digital access, use and skills; information flows; offline communication resources; and social capital and social norms. Section 3 describes how to conduct hands-on research combining the use of both qualitative and quantitative methods. Section 4 summarizes final considerations and take-home messages. The Annexes provide two examples of data collection tools, namely a mobile survey questionnaire and a focus group discussion guide, while the Field Stories present real-life examples testifying to the multiple and varied applications of the methodology within the scope of FAO’s Integrated Country Approach (ICA) for Boosting Decent Jobs for Youth in the Agrifood System project.
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    Booklet
    Women’s employment in agrifood systems
    Background paper for The status of women in agrifood systems
    2023
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    Tackling poverty and food insecurity requires research and policies that go beyond the agriculture sector and consider the entire agrifood system. Women play important roles in agrifood systems, but their work in the different segments of agrifood systems is poorly captured. This paper produces global and regional estimates of the share of working women and men employed in agrifood systems, differentiating between primary agricultural production and off-farm agrifood-system activities. It looks at the gender patterns of employment in the different activities of agrifood systems between 2005 and 2019 and at how these patterns changed during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. The study finds that, despite decreases in the share of working men and women employed in agrifood systems over the past 15 years, agrifood systems remain an important source of livelihood for both men and women, but especially for women in low- and middle-income countries. However, women’s working conditions tend to be more vulnerable than men’s in both agriculture and off-farm agrifood systems. The paper also highlights methodological issues around the measurement of women’s employment in agrifood systems, which can have important implications for the design of livelihoods interventions. Background paper to the FAO flagship The status of women in agrifood systems https://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/CC5060EN .

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