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OPTIONS FOR THE LONG-TERM IMPROVEMENT OF EIFAC

<i>Meeting document EIFAC/XXVI/2010/6</i>










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    Meeting
    REVIEW OF THE FUNCTIONING OF EIFAC AND OPTIONS FOR LONG-TERM IMPROVEMENT
    <i>Meeting document EIFAC/XXVI/2010/Inf.4</i>
    2010
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    Long-term tse-tse and trypanosomiasis management options in West Africa 2004
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    Tsetse-transmitted animal trypanosomiasis is a complex disease that directly and indirectly has an impact on Africa’s crop and livestock agricultural development. In this paper, state-of-the-art spatial tools are applied to study the variety of agro- ecological settings in West Africa with a view to providing decision support to the management of the tsetse and trypanosomiasis ( T& problem according to the prevailing agro- ecological conditions. Based on the analytical mapping of dominant lives tock systems, land- use patterns, integration of livestock and crop agriculture ( mixed farming) and geoclimatic factors affecting tsetse ecology ( northern dry band with fragmented tsetse populations and southern humid band where tsetse are widespread), priority areas for T& T intervention were identified. These areas are situated the northern band of the tsetse belt where: • tsetse populations are fragmented ( and therefore vulnerable) or confined only to suitable vegetation along main river courses; • fly reinvasion risk is minimal due to land pressure and adverse climatic conditions for tsetse; and • integration of crop and livestock agriculture prevails. In these areas, the elimination of the fly and the disease may be achievable and consolidated through the expansion and intensification of mixed farming, leading to maximal yield benefits when expressed in terms of sustainable agriculture and rural development.

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