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Avian Influenza Disease Emergency: issue No. 34 (10/10/2005)

Update of the Avian Influenza situation








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    Avian Influenza Disease Emergency: issue No. 35 (05/11/2005)
    Update of the Avian Influenza situation
    2005
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    H5N1 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) has moved westwards, outbreaks have been confirmed in Turkey, Romania and Croatia. Sporadic outbreaks have been reported in Russia resulting in some deaths/culling of domestic poultry. Resurgence of the disease in China’s main farming areas is also a concern. Human fatalities have been confirmed or suspected in Indonesia, Thailand and Viet Nam. Countries in Europe, Near-East and Africa have started implementing various preventive measures.
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    Avian Influenza Disease Emergency: issue No. 32 (31/07/2005)
    Update of the Avian Influenza situation
    2005
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    An outbreaks of H5N1 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) killing 6,000 wild birds was reported in China and H5N1 infection was confirmed in Russia during the preceding month. A suspected case was reported in Kazakhstan. Some outbreaks have been found in domestic poultry as they were during this season last year. A national vaccination campaign will be conducted in Viet Nam before the next lunar new-year season.
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    Avian Influenza Disease Emergency: issue No. 33 (01/09/2005)
    Update of the Avian Influenza situation
    2005
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    There is a potential that Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) subtype H5N1 might be carried along migration routes of wild water birds to densely populated areas in the south Asian subcontinent and along migratory flyways to Europe. Recent outbreaks of HPAI in Russia and Kazakhstan (August, 2005) attest to this fact. Looking at the major bird migration routes (Fig. 1), the HPAI H5N1 virus could possibly spread from Siberia to the Caspian and Black Sea areas in the foreseeable future. Some w ild water birds are nesting in the newly AI affected areas in Novosibirsk and Altai in Russia and will migrate to the above-mentioned areas for winter or stop-over on their way to Africa and Europe. Bird migration routes run across Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, Georgia, Ukraine and some Mediterranean countries, where bird flu outbreaks are a possibility. Also India and Bangladesh, which currently seem to be uninfected, are at risk because both areas harbour large numbers of domestic duck and the count ries are situated along one of the major migratory routes. They have the potential to become new large endemic foci of HPAI infection. Additionally, spring migration of 2006 may result in the spread of HPAI H5N1 virus across European Russia, because birds migrating from Europe and European Russia and Siberia have common wintering areas in Southwest Asia.

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