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Rainfall Varability and Drought in Sub-Saharan Africa








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    Fisheries in the drylands of sub-Saharan Africa 2016
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    The focus of this review has been on both documenting the general resilience of many fish resources to climatic variability and its underestimation in livelihood importance, including in protracted crisis situations, but also on enhancing the potential supply of fish from dryland areas by better use of the available water bodies, and in particular from small reservoirs.
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    Strengthening the Agroclimatic Information System to Improve the Agricultural Drought Monitoring and Early Warning System in Viet Nam (News), Pilot Study in Ninh Thuan Province - TCP/VIE/3603 2020
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    As a result of the effects of El Niño, from late 2014 to summer 2016, serious drought occurred in South Central Coast, Central Highland, and Southern Viet Nam. The main reasons were low rainfall, compared with the annual average rainfall in the same period, and no rainfall in some regions. It is estimated that thousands of hectares of rice and seasonal crops were affected. The drought management approach in the country mainly focuses on crisis management or emergency response, rather than implementing a proactive approach of risk management. In order to manage drought effectively, short-term drought predictions, monitoring and early warning, vulnerability assessment, as well as mitigation and response measures were required. The project aimed to improve the agricultural drought monitoring and National Early Warning System (NEWS) in Viet Nam, by implementing a pilot in one of the country’s drought-affected provinces,Ninh Thuan.
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    Beyond ownership: tracking progress on women’s land rights in Sub-Saharan Africa. Infographic 2016
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    Ensuring equal rights in ownership and control over land for women and men is essential to achieve gender equality (SDG5) and eliminate poverty (SDG1). Yet capturing the true status of land rights and measuring progress in the SDGs targets related to land tenure is still a challenge, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa where: 1)land tenure is often governed by both customary and statutory laws; 2)large swaths of land remain unregistered and women’s plots are less likely than men’s plots to be docum ented;3)few surveys capture sex-disaggregated data and inquire about the owners and the managers of land separately; 4) landownership, management and other rights over land are often used interchangeably while they do not always overlap! To capture the real status of land rights in countries and monitor the progress in the SDGs, surveys need to consider the different rights and levels of decision-making over land of women and men. When surveys consider these different bundles of rights over land , evidence from 6 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa shows that: 1)women are disadvantaged not only in the ownership but also in the management of land;2) in most countries, female owners do not manage their lands alone, while female managers do not necessarily own the plot; 3) a significant share of reported owners do not have the rights to sell or use the land as collateral and women are particularly disadvantaged.

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