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Report of the FAO Workshop on Gear Marking Technology and Trials, Ancona, Italy, 29 June–1 July 2022











FAO. 2022. Report of the FAO Workshop on Gear Marking Technology and Trials, Ancona, 29 June – 1 July 2022. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report No. 1388. Rome.



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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Marking of Fishing Gear / Directives volontaires sur le marquage des engins de pêche / Directrices voluntarias sobre el marcado de las artes de pesca 2019
    The Voluntary Guidelines on the Marking of Fishing Gear are a tool to contribute to sustainable fisheries, to improve the state of the marine environment, and to enhance safety at sea by combatting, minimizing and eliminating abandoned, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear (ALDFG) and facilitating the identification and recovery of such gear. The Guidelines assist fisheries management and can be used as a tool in the identification of illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing activities. The Guidelines address the purpose and principles, the scope of application and the implementation of a gear marking system and its associated components, including reporting, recovery and disposal of ALDFG or unwanted fishing gear and commercial traceability of fishing gear. The Guidelines also contain special considerations for developing States and small-scale fisheries with a view to capacity development, as well as guidance on conducting a risk-based approach to implementing gear marking systems. The Guidelines are expected to assist States in meeting their obligations under international law, including relevant international agreements and related governance frameworks and the specific requirements for gear marking contained in FAO’s Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Les Directives volontaires sur le marquage des engins de pêche constituent un outil permettant de contribuer à la pêche durable, d'améliorer l'état de l'environnement marin et de renforcer la sécurité en mer en combattant, réduisant et éliminant les engins de pêche abandonnés, perdus ou rejetés (ALDFG) mais également de faciliter l'identification et la récupération de ces engins. Les Directives favorisent la gestion de la pêche et peuvent être utilisées pour identifier les activités de pêche illégales, non déclarées et non réglementées (INDNR). Les Directives traitent de l'objectif et des principes, du champ d'application et de la mise en œuvre d'un système de marquage des engins et de l’ensemble de ses composantes, notamment la notification, la récupération et l'élimination des ALDFG ou des engins de pêche indésirables ainsi que de la traçabilité commerciale du marquage des engins de pêche. Les Directives contiennent également des considérations spéciales pour les États en développement et les pêcheries artisanales pour le renforcement des capacités, ainsi que des orientations sur le développement d'une approche fondée sur les risques pour la mise en œuvre de systèmes de marquage des engins. Les Directives devraient aider les États à s’acquitter de leurs obligations en vertu du droit international, notamment des accords internationaux pertinents et des cadres de gouvernance connexes, ainsi que des exigences spécifiques en matière de marquage des engins figurant dans le Code de conduite de la FAO pour une pêche responsable. Las Directrices voluntarias sobre el marcado de las artes de pesca son un instrumento que contribuye a la pesca sostenible, a mejorar las condiciones del ambiente marino y a consolidar la seguridad en el mar, combatiendo, reduciendo al mínimo y eliminando los ALDFG y facilitando la identificación y recuperación de dichos aparejos. Estas Directrices contribuyen a la ordenación pesquera y se pueden utilizar como herramienta para identificar las actividades de pesca ilegal, no declarada y no reglamentada (pesca INDNR). Asimismo, abordan las finalidades y principios, el ámbito de la aplicación y la implementación de un sistema de marcado las artes de pesca y sus componentes conexos, incluidas la presentación de informes, la recuperación y la eliminación de los ALDFG. Contienen, además, consideraciones especiales para los Estados en desarrollo y los pescadores artesanales con miras al desarrollo de capacidad, además de orientaciones para conducir enfoques basados en los riesgos para aplicar los sistemas de marcado de las artes de pesca. Se espera que estas Directrices ayuden a los Estados a cumplir sus obligaciones derivadas del Derecho internacional, incluidos los acuerdos internacionales relevantes y los marcos de gobernanza conexos, además de los requisitos específicos para el marcado de las artes de pesca, estipulados en el Código de Conducta de la FAO para la Pesca Responsable (CCPR).
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    Report of the Technical Consultation on Marking of Fishing Gear, Rome, Italy, 5 - 9 February 2018
    FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report
    2018
    The Technical Consultation on the Marking of Fishing Gear was held at FAO headquarters in Rome, Italy, from 5 to 9 February 2018. The Technical Consultation worked towards concluding the development of Draft Voluntary Guidelines on the Marking of Fishing Gear. The Technical Consultation used a preliminary draft text that had been developed at the Expert Consultation on the Marking of Fishing Gear held by FAO on 4-7 April 2016 as further edited by the FAO Secretariat. The Technical Consultation reviewed and finalized the scope of the guidelines, agreeing that supporting technical documents could be developed by the Secretariat via a separate process. The Technical Consultation considered how the guidelines should be implemented, controlled and monitored and identified the importance of gear marking in combating abandoned, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear (ALDFG) as well as the role that gear marking could play in reducing or eliminating Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing. The Guidelines agreed by the Technical Consultation also addressed commercial traceability of fishing gear marking, reporting and recovery of ALDFG and provided for special considerations when marking and reporting of fish aggregating devices (FADs). Special consideration was also given to developing States and small scale fisheries when implementing the guidelines in these contexts. The Technical Consultation highlighted a number of key areas for research and development on gear marking and related issues, and also provided guidance on communication and capacity development. The Technical Consultation considered the results and recommendations of two gear-marking pilot projects supported by FAO and recommended that further projects should be conducted to support the implementation of the guidelines. The Technical Consultation recommended that the FAO Committee on Fisheries (COFI) consider the endorsement of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Marking of Fishing Gear. The Technical Consultation further recommended that COFI considers the development of a comprehensive global strategy to address ALDFG which could include the establishment of a mechanism to facilitate the sharing of information on the global implementation of these guidelines as well as data collected by national ALDFG reporting systems, and recommending to States the development and implementation of national action plans to address ALDFG.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Voluntary Guidelines on the Marking of Fishing Gear
    A framework for conducting a risk assessment for a system on the marking of fishing gear. Suppl. 1
    2023
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    This document is a supplement to the Voluntary Guidelines on the Marking of Fishing Gear (VGMFG; FAO, 2019), and provides a framework for conducting a risk assessment to assist in determining the need for, and requirements of, a system for the marking of fishing gear. The development of this document was based on principles outlined in the Annex of the VGMFG and guided by the results of a pilot project for risk assessment on the marking of fishing gear conducted in Grenada. The marking of fishing gear contributes to sustainable fisheries, improving the state of the marine and freshwater environments by combatting, minimizing, and eliminating abandoned, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear (ALDFG); it also facilitates the identification and recovery of such gear. In addition, fishing gear marking supports fisheries management and can be used as a tool in the identification of illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing activities. This manual is intended to assist fisheries managers, fishing gear manufacturers and the fisheries sector to meet the relevant international, regional or national obligations for gear marking. More specifically, it enables all stakeholders to comply with the specific gear marking requirements outlined in the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, as well as in other international instruments and agreements. Organizations or parties concerned with, or actively addressing the issue of ALDFG may also find the information in this publication useful.

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