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A rapid geospatial damage assessment of the 2023 conflict in the Gaza Strip on agricultural land and infrastructure








FAO. 2024. A rapid geospatial damage assessment of the 2023 conflict in the Gaza Strip on agricultural land and infrastructure. Rome. 



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    Syrian Arab Republic: Earthquake response and recovery plan, 2023–2026 2023
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    The earthquakes that struck the Syrian Arab Republic on 6 February 2023 caused major damages and losses, affecting both urban and rural areas. For example, buildings collapsed in the main built-up areas; crops, livestock, food stocks and essential agricultural inputs were lost; and irrigation systems and farms were damaged, along with markets and infrastructure. As a result, food consumption gaps have grown further among the most vulnerable people. Given the already dire situation in the Syrian Arab Republic, after 12 years of conflict and crisis, there is an urgent need to address the suffering and uncertainty of the affected communities. In response, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations is proposing a three-year Earthquake response and recovery plan (ERRP), seeking USD 45 million to deliver both immediate and longer-term support to severely affected rural communities in the governorates of Aleppo, Hama, Idleb, Latakia and Tartous. Through the ERRP, FAO envisages that affected farming families will save and sustain their livelihoods, build self-reliance, and improve their resilience, ultimately reducing the humanitarian caseload. This document serves as a roadmap for the ERRP and as a resource mobilization tool, presenting the rationale, the expected impact, outcomes and outputs of the ERRP as well as the funding requirements.
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    A rapid geospatial analysis of the flood impacts on crops in KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa in 2022 2022
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    South Africa is the southern most country on the African continent with the 121 309 ha of land area and highly dependent on agriculture sector (79 percent of agricultural land area) for food, income, and employment. Natural disasters like drought, floods, storms, cyclones etc. causes significant socio-economic damages and losses, as well as negatively impacting the agricultural sector. From 11–13 April 2022, heavy rainfall caused severe flooding and landslides affecting the south and south-eastern part of South Africa. Particularly, in the Provinces of KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape, authorities reported loss of lives, infrastructure damages and inundated cropland. Disaster Charter 755 was activated for South Africa. From 19–20 April, moderate rainfall waa forecast over north-eastern South Africa, while no heavy rainfall was expected over the already affected Provinces. In this context, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Geospatial Unit of the Land and Water Division (NSL) with support from SFS REOSA conducted a rapid geospatial assessment on crops and the exposure of rural people during the period 10–20 April 2022. This assessment provides information at the district, local municipalities and ward levels in the area of interest (AOI). This analysis combines Sentinel 1 (S1) Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and Sentinel 2 (S2) imagery (both at a 10 m spatial resolution) with Planet imagery (5 m spatial resolution) and 2020 population data from Worldpop (100 m spatial resolution) to determine: (1) flood extent; (2) cropland area; (3) flooded crop area; and (4) exposure of population to flooded cropland. The results are provided in the form of maps by administrative units and tabular with descriptive statistics for the aforementioned indicators. With recent advances in geospatial and information technologies and updated land cover maps, crop specific information adapted to national conditions with tailored field campaigns have the potential to better support response programmes and agricultural development in the future. The key findings from this rapid assessment are that for Area of Interest (AOI): 1) total flooded area in the Province of Eastern Cape is 373 868 ha and in the Province of KwaZulu-Natal is 137 601 ha; 2) total cropland area estimated in Area of Interest is 1 386 941 ha; 3) overall inundated cropland is 51 601 ha (4 percent of the total land in AOI); and 4) the most affected districts in respect to people exposure to floods are Cacadu (54 616).
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    Document
    Evaluation of FAO’s Programme in the West Bank and Gaza Strip
    Office of Evaluation
    2015
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    The occupied Palestinian territories, comprising the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (WBGS), face a protracted protection crisis with humanitarian consequences, driven by insufficient respect for international law by all sides. In 2014, as a result of hostilities over July-August, there was a sharp increase in the severity of humanitarian needs in Gaza, as well as heightened tension and intensified clashes across the West Bank. In Gaza, the agricultural livelihoods of 32 000 farming households and 8 000 agricultural wage labourers were affected, with heavy damage of assets that caused shortages and high food prices. This in turn increased the severity of food insecurity.

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