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Global trends in research on wild-simulated ginseng: Quo Vadis?

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022









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    Impact of capacity building in leveraging community skills and livelihoods: lessons learned from social forestry in Indonesia
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Indonesia encounters several challenges in forest management due to the high communities’ demand for forest resources, including the need for agricultural land within state-owned forest areas. Community Based Forest Management (CBFM) is a strategy that emphasizes on the importance of community’s involvement in forest conservation. CBFM planning has an important role in the implementation of effective and sustainable forest management through a participatory approach involving all parties in Planning, Organizing, Actuating, and Controlling. This paper aims to provide information on impact of capacity building in leveraging community skill and livehood in three schemes of Social Forestry (SF) in Indonesia, namely Paru Village Forest (VF)–West Sumatra, Cempaka Forestry Partnership (FP)–Lampung, and Tuar Tana Community Forestry (CF)–East Nusa Tenggara, in collaboration between Forestry and Environment Research, Development and Innovation Agency with the Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFoCO). The research was conducted through structured interviews, FGDs and field observations by an analysis unit while the informations obtained were analyzed through descriptively qualitative and quantitative methods. The results showed that the provided assistances and capacity building in three SF schemes have increased the active participation of group members in the preparation of technical plans and implementation of economic value species planting and processing of non-timber forest products (NTFPs).Other benefits are the reduced land boundary conflicts, an increase in the frequency of routine group meetings, an increase in the number of members who are able to process NTFPs into semi-finished or finished goods. This condition shows that the provided assistance is able to increase the capacity of farmers so as to change the perceptions and attitudes of group members and encourage them to actively participate in forest management in three SF area. Keywords: Participatory planning, Capacity building, Community Forestry, Village Forest, Forestry Partnership ID: 3487019
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    Understanding natural resources-based conflict management on borderland: A systematic review
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Conflicts over finite and shared natural resources continue to dominate headlines around the world. In particular, border regions have challenges in natural resource management. The regions include abundant natural resources, such as forests, energy, air, and rivers, typically associated with distance from the central authority. However, natural resource management becomes sensitive between each side of countries because of power differences or relationships. This study aims to identify characteristics of natural resources-based conflict management at the border areas based on this context. Through a systematic review methodology, natural resource management conflict cases at the border regions were collected from SCOPUS's academic database between 2001 and 2021. A total of 303 selected pieces of literature were analyzed with the categories, focusing on the published year, location levels, and types of natural resources. Moreover, this study utilizes the Earth system concepts which consist of Atmosphere, Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere, and Anthroposphere to categorize the natural resources. The research results display the pathways and distribution of the selected studies. The overall academic studies were increased steadily. Among the natural resources, Hydrosphere, especially river and ocean contain the dominant subject and Forest, Animal has followed in the Biosphere. Furthermore, these studies were examined the case studies for the key findings to determine the conflicts, cooperation, and geographical characteristics in the borderlands. This research contributes to a better understanding of natural resources-based conflicts and suggests recommendations to design natural resource management strategies or models at border areas. Keywords: Biodiversity conservation, Governance, Landscape management, Policies, Partnerships ID: 3623073
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    On the hybridization and DNA polymorphism in hickory (Carya cathayensis Sarg.)
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Hickory, a nut-producing and wind-pollinated non-timber species narrowly distributed in the region between Zhejiang and Anhui provinces of China, has grown in wild or semi-wild condition for a long time. For no cultivar developed so far under the species, propagation through seeding is mainly adopted in the production. Reciprocal hybridization between hickory and pecan (C. illinoensis) has been conducted since the 1960s and heterosis and a seedling phenotype resembling to the maternal parent have been observed. But analyses of hickory samples from natural forest with such molecular markers as RAPD, ISSR, SRAP, AFLP and SSR have revealed a low DNA polymorphism. What is more, apomixis in hickory has been embryologically confirmed, but found to be distributed unevenly on the chromosomal regions. With ten pairs of SSR primers applicable to both species, we analyzed two populations of the progeny resulting from reciprocal hybridization between hickory and pecan (47 individuals each population) and amplified heterozygous loci were identified, which indicates that hickory and pecan can be reciprocally crossed. Both progeny populations had no significant difference in such parameters as the number of effective alleles (Ne), Shannon information index (I), observed heterozygosity (Ho), expected heterozygosity (He) and unbiased expected heterozygosity (uHe) (P>0.05) and the average I of each progeny population was not low (0.511 and 0.496, respectively) although the mean He of both populations was similar (0.371 and 0.317, respectively). The analysis of molecular variance showed that 71% of the variation occurred between individuals within the population. Analysis with the Structure software also found each individual of both progeny populations had a relatively low proportion of genome originating from the paternal parent, potentially indicating phenotypic resemblance to its maternal parent. It has been reported that pecan is highly heterozygous, so is hickory from our work. Keyword: Biodiversity conservation ID: 3485343

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