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ເຊື້ອຈຸລະຊີບຕ້ານຕໍ່ຢາແມ່ນຫຍັງ?











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    Document
    Review of methodology on climate change impact and vulnerability assessment for application to the forest sector in Republic of Korea: The first step for mainstreaming adaptation in forest sector
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    As the two laws, The Framework Act on Agriculture and Fisheries, Rural Community and Food Industry and The Creation and Management of Forest Resources Act, were revised in 2015 and 2019, respectively, the Korean government made it mandatory for Korea Forest Service to report the results of climate change impact and vulnerability assessment on forest sector. For implementing the above duty, the National Institute of Forest Science (NIFoS) has categorized the forest sector to eighteen detailed sectors and established monitoring framework to assess the climate change impacts since 2015.
    This study aims to develop appropriate methodology and framework for assessment of climate change impact and vulnerability on forest sector in Korea by reviewing what the NIFoS has conducted in comparison with the previous cases in the USA, Canada and the UK. To achieve this, this study first clarifies the ultimate goals of assessment and categorizes assessment areas for each detailed sector. Then, by reviewing the major factors on vulnerability assessment used in the Adaptation Partners Frameworks (USA), the Climate Change Response Framework (USA), the Canadian Council of Forest Ministers Framework (Canada), and the Climate Change Risk Assessment (UK), this study draws the possible stepwise check list with the hope of producing appropriate results on climate change impact and vulnerability which can be utilized in the stage of mainstreaming adaptation in forest sector. The tentative framework drawn from this study contains the considerations about where we need to go and how to go for achieving adaptation.
    This study is expected to contribute to establish the essential basis for supporting decision making for finding actual tools to conserve and enhance forest ecosystem services and sustain life of human being under climate change pressure. Keywords: Climate change, Adaptive and integrated management, Monitoring and data collection, Policies, Sustainable forest management ID: 3621974
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    FAO/WHO Global Individual Food consumption data Tool (GIFT): methodological documents
    Food groups and subgroups
    2022
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    A major challenge in harmonizing food consumption data relates to the harmonization of the coding of food items. Foods vary between countries and regions in terms of forms, varieties, preparation methods and many other characteristics. It is essential that comparability be maintained, without losing detailed information on what has been consumed. The use of a common food classification and description system among food consumption surveys from different countries – covering different age and sex population groups – contributes to the global harmonization of dietary data. The individual quantitative food consumption datasets shared through the FAO/WHO Global Individual Food consumption data Tool (FAO/WHO GIFT) are coded with the FoodEx2 system. FoodEx2 is a comprehensive and flexible food classification and description system developed by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). It was first developed to be used at the European level, and was later scaled up to the global level in collaboration with the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO), to enable the description and classification of food items – such as insects, flowers and wild foods – as consumed in other regions of the world. The FoodEx2 classification and description system contains different hierarchies that differently aggregate individual food items with similar characteristics into food groups and comprehensive food categories in a hierarchical manner. The FoodEx2 Exposure hierarchy was designed to facilitate the grouping of food items for dietary exposure calculations, which is a key step in the risk assessment process for food safety. This is the hierarchy that is usually used for coding food consumption data. FAO worked to develop the FAO/WHO GIFT food groups and subgroups for a simpler and more nutrition-sensitive food grouping, which would allow non-specialist users to draw conclusions from the indicators presented in the FAO/WHO GIFT platform in an intuitive way. The development of the food grouping used in the FAO/WHO GIFT platform was based on the food groups used for Dietary Diversity Score indicators, as well as those typically used in food-based dietary guidelines. The food grouping was meant to reflect the role of foods in the diet. It was also reviewed by food composition specialists, and compared with the food grouping used by the FAO/WHO Chronic Individual Food Consumption Database – Summary Statistics (CIFOCOss), now integrated into the FOSCOLLAB platform, to ensure maximum possible coherence with other similar classifications.
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    Drought in the Horn of Africa: Revised rapid response and mitigation plan to avert a humanitarian catastrophe
    January–December 2022
    2022
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    The Horn of Africa is facing the third severe La Niña‑induced drought episode in a decade, and the region is on the verge of a catastrophe if humanitarian assistance is not urgently scaled up and sustained. Drought is exacerbating the humanitarian situation in a region already facing high levels of exisiting food insecurity. In Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, 18.4 million people are projected to be in Crisis (Integrated Food Security Phase Classification [IPC] Phase 3) or worse levels of high acute food insecurity due solely to the drought. An unprecedented fourth, below-average rainy season has just occurred in these countries, while Djibouti also experienced erratic rainfall in 2021. Drought is among the most devastating of natural hazards – crippling food production, depleting pastures, disrupting markets, and, at its most extreme, causing widespread human and animal deaths. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) revised rapid response and mitigation plan for the Horn of Africa aggregates FAO's components of recent humanitarian appeals. It provides further details on what urgently needs to happen to scale from January to December 2022 in order to save the livelihoods and therefore the lives of 4.98 million rural people across the four countries and the risks associated with an insufficient or untimely response. The timeframe for the plan has been extended from June to December 2022. FAO is urgently requesting USD 172 million to provide critical assistance to rural populations, prevent the further worsening of hunger and malnutrition, safeguard livelihoods, as well as prevent displacement and further increases in humanitarian needs in 2022.

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