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Capital social y lecciones de pobreza de estudios de caso en México y América Central








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    ¿Pueden las transferencias de fondos públicos reducir la migración en México? Estudio basado en datos experimentales aleatorizados 2003
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    Prior research on Mexican migration has shown that social networks and economic incentives play an important role in determining migration outcomes. This study utilizes experimental data on PROGRESA, Mexico's primary poverty reduction program, to evaluate the effects of public cash transfers on migration. Our study complements a growing body of literature aimed at overcoming longstanding hurdles towards the establishment of causal validity in empirical studies of migration. We find that public c ash transfers reduce US migration but have little effect on domestic migration. Furthermore, we find that the provision of cash transfers appears to reduce migration partly by reducing the relative deprivation levels of poor households. Finally, we find that the effect of public cash transfers on US migration depend on the size of existing US migration networks. Surprisingly, we see that transfers have larger (more negative) effects on US migration in communities with large existing networks. Th e results suggest that public transfers may be helpful in managing rural out-migration, particularly to the US. Interestingly, such programs may be most effective if they are targeted towards communities with strong existing migration patterns.
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    La articulación entre programas de desarrollo agropecuario y protección social: estudio de caso en México 2016
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    This study took place in Mexico in 2015. It was led by Gustavo Gordillo along with co-researchers Obed Méndez and Santiago Ruy Sánchez. The report focuses on two core research questions: 1) What are the current experiences of achieving coherence between Mexico’s agricultural and social protection policies and programmes? 2) What lessons and insights do these experiences hold for achieving more and better coordination between the two sectors? The case of Mexico lends itself to an exploration of t he linkages between social protection and agriculture for several reasons: Public spending in the rural sector in Mexico represents a significant fiscal category. In fact, between 2003 and 2013, the budget for spending in this sector was increased by 170 percent. Despite significant changes in recent decades, some programmes have achieved broad coverage and maintained their continuity; in 2013, Prospera, which has been operating for 16 years, reached 5.9 million households, and ProAgro, which ha s been active for 20 years, reached 2.7 million farmers. Social policy and production development or promotion policies – in the broad sense of the term – have been the object of academic scrutiny and ongoing national and international assessments. Both policy domains encompass a wide range of actions and tools involving varying degrees of convergence. Notwithstanding the country’s limited experience with intersectoral and vertical (decentralizing) coordination schemes, policy instruments for dr iving coherence are on the table, and those instruments can be analysed and assessed.
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    La pobreza rural en América Latina: Lecciones para una reorientación de las políticas 2003
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    Con el objetivo de examinar los programas contra la pobreza rural llevados a cabo durante la década de 1990 en distintos países de América Latina, y determinar si el éxito de estas experiencias se debía a la presencia de ciertos elementos comunes, la FAO escogió nueve experiencias exitosas de combate directo o indirecto de la pobreza rural, correspondientes a seis países de América Latina: Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Nicaragua, México y Perú. La comparación de las diversas experiencias nacionales se encomendó a un grupo de especialistas en pobreza y desarrollo.Sus análisi y conclusiones están recogidos en los cinco artículos que componen la primera parte de este documento, mientras en la segunda parte se exponen los nueve estudios de caso.

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