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Yemen | Project update

Water for food security: Enhancing the resilience of host communities in supporting internally displaced persons and returnees in Yemen










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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Yemen - Partnership with Kuwait 2018
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    Thanks to the Government of Kuwait, FAO is revitalizing local food production in Yemen by repairing and rehabilitating critical agricultural infrastructure. Water and irrigation networks, which have been damaged or destroyed due to conflict and no longer functional, are a critical priority. Damaged infrastructure has resulted in less food, income deterioration, increased prices and reduced employment opportunities. The scarcity of water resources due to conflict and multiple shocks led to 70 percent of farmers’ tenants losing their income opportunities. Strengthening irrigation through employment allows the poorest and most vulnerable people to access nutritious food and be better equipped to cope with future shocks. In support of FAO’s Emergency Livelihoods Response Plan for Yemen, Kuwait’s generous contribution will help more than 78 000 people, including host community members, internally displaced people and returnees. Cash‑for‑work activities, such as rehabilitating irrigation canals and promoting traditional water harvesting techniques, will improve and diversify vulnerable people’s income and agricultural livelihoods. This work engages women and youth in water management to mitigate flood risks and support farming activities. Cash transfers enhance community productivity and cohesion by increasing access to common agricultural assets and infrastructure. In addition, communities will benefit from training aimed to strengthen institutional capacity.
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    Yemen - Plan of Action 2018–2020
    Strengthening resilient agricultural livelihoods
    2018
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    Yemen is experiencing the world's worst humanitarian crisis. As the crisis enters its fifth year, conflict, severe economic decline and collapsing essential services have taken an enormous toll on the population, exacerbating existing vulnerabilities. The United Nations (UN) has declared the last three years of the crisis as a system-wide ‘Level 3’ humanitarian emergency. Level 3 responses are activated in the most complex and challenging humanitarian emergencies, when the highest level of mobilization is required across the humanitarian system. Even before the conflict escalated, the country suffered high levels of poverty, food insecurity, undernutrition and malnutrition, water shortages and land degradation. Yemenis are also facing armed conflict, displacement, risk of famine and disease outbreaks. Since 2015, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations’ (FAO’s) support in Yemen has included key agricultural inputs, cash-based transfers and training, which has contributed to more than 2 million resource-poor households improving their food security and nutrition and strengthened their ability to cope with crises. In addition to short-term activities under UN-led humanitarian response plans, longer-term interventions are required to achieve lasting, sustainable improvements in food security and nutrition. FAO’s Plan of Action 2018–2020 serves as a strategic planning tool to guide FAO operations in Yemen through food security, nutrition and agricultural livelihoods programmes and projects. This document will also inform planning and programming for emergency and recovery support to Yemen’s agriculture sector. The overall goal of the three-year Plan of Action is to make a significant contribution towards improving food security and nutrition and strengthening the resilience of vulnerable rural and peri-urban households while restoring the agriculture sector of the country. As a dynamic document, the Plan of Action will be implemented through a flexible twintrack approach that can be tailored to its target areas for different types of intervention based on the conflict dynamics and changing circumstances in the country over the next three years. Strategic decisions on targeting will be informed by conflict analysis and regular conflict monitoring that ensures conflict-sensitive interventions.
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    Yemen | Project update
    Enhancing food availability through increased agriculture production for subsistence farmers in Hadramout Governorate in Yemen
    2021
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    Conflicts and natural disasters in Yemen severely constrain agriculture-related income, which drives farmers, particularly young men, to search for more remunerative sources of income. In response, with generous support from Kuwait, FAO implemented project OSRO/YEM/906/KUW with the overall project objective to enhance food security through improving farmers’ access to water resources for agricultural production and promoting economic self-reliance in Hadramout Governorate.

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