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Cibo energia e clima: una nuova equazione - La FAO al lavoro 2007-2008






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    Document
    El Salvador, IV Censo agropecuario 2007/2008
    Formulario FA-1 (comercial)
    2008
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    SLV_SPA_QUE(FA1)_2007
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Commodity Market Review 2007-2008 2008
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    The Commodity Market Review (CMR), a biennial publication of the FAO Trade and Markets Division, examines in depth issues relating to agricultural commodity market developments that are deemed by FAO as current and crucial for FAOs member countries. Global agricultural commodity value chains have become more complex as production and processing activities turn out to be increasingly fragmented. Moreover, concentration and the prospective of market power, as well as the emergent scope o f food standards add to this complexity. For poor developing countries, domestic market liberalization and the abolition of marketing boards, in conjunction with trends towards freer trade in a globalized environment have created opportunities for enhanced competition, efficiency and export growth. Multinational enterprises invest in developing countries and engage in outsourcing food for markets in developed countries. Although there are marked benefits to producers in developing countries, the potential of market power and the possibility that this power may result in a contraction of the primary producers share of the final product price requires careful analysis. This biennial CMR is devoted to exploring in depth a variety of issues relevant to the impact of imperfect competition and food standards on developing markets. The articles that are included focus on both cross-commodity issues, such as strategic trade, foreign direct investment and the effectivene ss of technical regulation, as well as on characteristics of individual commodity value chains, such as coffee, cocoa and frozen concentrated orange juice which are of particular interest in terms of industrial organisation. The articles included in this CMR are all written by staff and collaborators of the FAO Trade and Markets Division and have undergone both internal and external review. They are published as a contribution of FAO to the ongoing policy research in food and agric ulture value chain analysis, as well as to increase general awareness of the relevant issues and provide overall policy guidance.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    A regional approach to the implementation of the Rotterdam Convention (2007-2008) 2008
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    FAO is committed to environmentally friendly agricultural production. In cooperation with its partners, the Organization has been working on developing tools and programmes to help countries manage pesticides more effectively and to move towards sustainable agriculture. The Rotterdam Convention is one of many concrete examples of FAO's commitment to helping its partners, particularly developing countries, achieve sustainable agricultural production and address the challenging problems associated with pesticide use. The first key objective of the Rotterdam Convention is to promote shared responsibility among its members in the international trade of hazardous chemicals, both pesticides and industrial chemicals. The second key objective is to contribute to the environmentally sound use of hazardous chemicals by facilitating information exchange among the parties concerned and by providing for a national decision-making process on their import and export. For the last few years, many co untries in Asia and the Pacific have made significant efforts to improve their national infrastructure for the management of pesticides and chemicals. The Convention has played a crucial role in assisting governments in coping with this task. This publication presents the experiences of various countries in this region in relation to the implementation of the Rotterdam Convention. The reports reflect the progress which has been made and the steps which remain to be undertaken to achieve the two key objectives of the Convention.

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