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Support to Improved Agricultural Mechanization Services - TCP/TAJ/3706








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    Support for Boosting Intra-African Trade in Agricultural Commodities and Services to Advance the Implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) - TCP/RAF/3708 2022
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    African Heads of State and Government, through the 2014 Malabo Declaration on Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation for Shared Prosperity and Improved Livelihoods (Malabo Declaration), have made a clear commitment on Boosting Intra African Trade ( in agricultural commodities and services This commitment includes harnessing market and trade opportunities locally, regionally and internationally by creating and enhancing policies, institutional conditions and support systems and tripling intra African trade in agricultural commodities and services by 2025 The 2017 Inaugural Biennial Review Report of the African Union Commission on the Implementation of the Malabo Declaration found that only three of the 29 Members reporting on the commitment to BIAT in agricultural commodities and services were on track to meet the commitment by 2025 Meeting this commitment on time requires building capacity to address policy, technical and investment constraints and minimize domestic food price volatility Despite the impressive gross domestic product ( growth rates experienced on the continent in recent years, Africa has remained a marginal player in both domestic and world trade The share of intra African merchandise exports in 2017 was around 19 6 percent of total exports (by value) The relatively low performance of intra African trade in agricultural commodities is of particular concern In the face of abundant unexploited suitable resources for agriculture, the continent depends on extra African sources for more than 80 percent of imports of food and agricultural products As a result, Africa faces a food and agricultural import bill growing at a yearly average of 3 6 percent, reaching USD 72 7 billion in 2017 To take advantage of fast growing intra African market opportunities, African agriculture must undergo a structural transformation that entails shifting from highly diversified and subsistence oriented production systems towards more market oriented ones This requires both a bold shift in policy and substantial investment to overcome the severe under capitalization, as well as low productivity and competitiveness of the sector In order to tackle the constraints on national and regional food marketing and trade, there is a need to face up to two broad categories of challenges The first set of challenges concerns prioritizing and filling the deficit in hard and soft market and trade infrastructure The second set of challenges requires tackling the policy and institutional deficiencies to strengthen intra regional and inter regional market integration and trade facilitation.
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    Building Mard Administrative Capacities for Technical Negotiations with European Union in Agriculture and Rural Development - TCP/ALB/3606 2020
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    The agricultural sector of Albania is marked by a very high employment level, unmatched by its contribution to gross domestic product, which will require higher investments in coming years. Increased demand in the domestic market and exports for various agrifood sectors towards neighbouring non-European Union countries are driving growth in agrifood production, yet economic performance is still insufficient due to small-scale and fragmented farming, poor technology and low productivity and competitiveness. Furthermore, Albania’s European Union pre-accession and accession process is expected to accelerate the restructuring of the agricultural and rural economy, to gradually align it with European agriculturalstandards. Lessons learned at the European Union level show that success depends also on building national and local institutions capable of fulfilling the technical requirements of agricultural and rural development policy preparation and implementation. For a successful approximation process, it is essential for MARD and the institutions involved to possess the necessary capacities. Based on an official request from MARD to continue this highly appreciated work, the current project was formulated to establish a coherent internal policy function, strengthening capacities in policy preparation and implementation, and in policy and economic monitoring and evaluation. To this end, support was provided to the sector for statistics responsible for collecting and analysing agricultural data, also contributing to the improvement of the administrative, institutional and technical capacities required for European Union negotiations.
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    Enhancing Rural Livelihoods and Agriculture Productivity through Agroforestry Development in Mauritius - TCP/MAR/3705 2022
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    The contribution of agriculture to the economy of Mauritius has decreased over the years and was estimated at 3 7 percent of gross domestic product in 2011 Agriculture in Mauritius comprises a sugar sector and a non sugar sector The sugar sector in Mauritius was hit by European Union reforms that led to a reduction in the price obtained for exports of sugar to the European Union The non sugar sector of Mauritius consists of the food crop and livestock sectors In 2011 it was reported that some 4 300 ha of land were under food crop cultivation, compared to around 59 724 ha under sugarcane Faced by increases in global food prices, rising food import bills and high price volatility, MAIFS developed a Strategic Plan for the Non sugar Sector 2016 2020 This emphasized the production of a number of priority crops, sustainable agricultural development and the provision of more land for food production Mauritius’s forested areas account for approximately 2 000 km 2 of which about 25 percent is under plantation forestry, with the remaining area under secondary alien vegetation or native forest remnants The extent of reasonable quality native forest (i e with more than 50 percent native plant canopy cover) is currently estimated at around 2 600 ha, representing less than 2 percent of the total area of the island Around 47 percent of the forested land in Mauritius is state owned.

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