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Status of seed legislation and policies in the Asia-Pacific region










FAO. 2020. Status of seed legislation and policies in the Asia-Pacific region. Bangkok. 




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    Book (stand-alone)
    Promoting the Growth and Development of Smallholder Seed Enterprises for Food Security Crops
    Case studies from Brazil, Côte d’Ivoire and India
    2010
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    Farmers everywhere depend on access to good quality seed, which is fundamental to their crop production systems. Most governments have made significant investments in strengthening national agricultural production capacities, yet farmers in developing countries still face difficulties in accessing the quality seed of the varieties that they require. Guaranteeing farmers’ access to quality seed can only be achieved through a viable seed supply system that can multiply and distribute see ds which have been produced or preserved. This is better achieved by the private sector, but medium- to large-scale international seed companies concentrate on high-value crops and avoid dealing in the self-pollinating, open-pollinating and vegetatively-propagated varieties on which most smallholder farmers depend for their food security as the biology of these crops makes it easy for farmers to keep their seeds for several seasons. However, smallholders are often seen as the driving force of economic growth, poverty reduction and food security. This is also true for smallholder seed enterprises which, in the absence of large companies, provide a valid alternative for the production and distribution of food security crops. This paper reviews case studies on smallholder seed enterprises in Brazil, Côte d’Ivoire and India, as well as relevant world literature in order to identify key issues that facilitate or constrain the development of the seed sector. The final section provides some guidelines on policy design and implementation to promote the development of sustainable seed enterprises at different stages in the evolution of national seed sectors. It provides examples of good practices and hence seeks to assist governments in identifying ways in which they can support the development of smallholder seed enterprises that will provide the most appropriate varieties to smallholder farmers in their efforts to boost food production.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Analysis of the Seed Market in Afghanistan
    Strengthening National Seed Production Capacity in Afghanistan
    2007
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    n order to generate relevant information about seed demand, the FAO/EC project Strengthening National Seed Production Capacity in Afghanistan (GCP/AFG/018/EC) organized a Survey in May- June 2004, which was carried out by the Coordination of Afghan Relief (CoAR) Survey Unit (formerly called the Afghan Survey Unit) to: (i) examine the seed buying behaviour of farming households with the view to estimate the potential deman d for quality see d of major crops; (ii) investigate possibilities for market-oriented seed production; and (iii) examine the nature of prices and farmers’ attitudes regarding variety choice and seed us e, and explore ways to influence these to promote demand for quality seed. The Survey was based on a random selection of 2 887 farming households who contributed to the completion of 3 508 questionnaires, with each questionnaire obtaining information for a particular crop. Since no record was kept of households who supplied information for more than one crop, this report treats each completed questionnaire as information from one farmer.
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    Booklet
    The concept of seed sector development of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period till 2030
    Seed policy document
    2021
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    The favorable climate and environment of Tajikistan allow producing seed of the best varieties and hybrids for fulfilling local needs, as well it gives an opportunity to produce seed for export. Thus, the aim of the overall seed sector development should be not only producing seed for local needs, but it should also include the development of seed export, but this also allows to increase the productivity of the seed sector. In the recent past plant breeding and seed production were financed totally from the government budget. However, due to the economic reforms and transfer to a market-based economy funding the sector has been reduced. As the result, along with the dominated public seed production, private seed production started to emerge and presently is at the start of its development. Although some of the individual seed farms have achieved good results on the introduction of new varieties, especially cereals and vegetables, variety testing, seed multiplication, and release, however, the present status of the seed sector in the country is not at satisfactory level. Hence, preparing and accepting the Seed sector development Concept, as a strategic document defining state policy on sector development is important.

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