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South Pacific Islands - Reef and lagoon productivity

A report prepared for the Fisheries Development Agency Project









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    Book (series)
    Practical Guidelines for the Use of Artificial Reefs in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea
    Studies and Reviews. General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean
    2015
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    Artificial reefs have been used for a long time around the world and have served many purposes ranging from habitat restoration, fish stock enhancement and fisheries management to research and recreation. At present, fish stock enhancement and fisheries management are the main reasons driving reef construction in the Mediterranean Sea, while habitat restoration is the main purpose for their use in the Black Sea. The increasing interest for artificial reefs has given rise to several concerns rega rding their possible negative impacts, due to the use of unsuitable materials and to waste dumping. Consequently, the need emerged over the past fifteen years to develop guidelines in order to support managers and scientists in the use of artificial reefs in European seas. Based on such existing guidelines, this document aims to further provide up‐to‐date information and guidance regarding specific management practices for the planning, siting, construction and anchoring of artificial reefs in t he Mediterranean and the Black Sea and for monitoring their effectiveness from an ecological and socio‐economic point of view. After providing an overview of existing definitions and legislations relating to the deployment of artificial reefs, this document illustrates the main aspects related to the different steps involved in the planning, siting and construction phases. A detailed presentation of the specific types and purposes of artificial reefs follows, with a description of their possible impacts and of existing methodologies to monitor and assess their effectiveness. Finally, these guidelines give insights about the socio‐economic effects of artificial reefs and control, surveillance and maintenance issues.
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    Document
    Aquaculture possibilities in some islands of the South Pacific 1972
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    The author’s observations in some South Pacific Islands demonstrate the urgent need of the inhabitants for protein food. The limited land areas of the islands, which are generally volcanic or atoll in origin, with extensive coral reefs, indicate that the greater bulk of protein food needed here must be supplied from the vast surrounding waters of the Pacific. In the inland and coastal waters of these islands, fish farming would be useful, especially for the islanders to participate in actively, even to the extent of producing their own daily requirements for fish protein food. To enable them to accomplish self-help in food production, the Consultant tried to evaluate the problems and simplify as much as possible the approach to probable solutions as presented in this report. Although some observations and data presented herein are incomplete, due to the limited time he could spend in each of the islands involved, efforts were made to gather information from many sources, both governmen t and private sectors.
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    Project
    Life on Our Reefs - BOBP/MAG/20
    A Colouring Book
    1993
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    This colouring-cum-information book on coral reefs for schoolchildren evolved out of the effort of the subproject ‘Fisheries Extension Services, Maldives (MDV/FES/MDV)’. The focus of the subproject, guided by the fisherfolk, was on building awareness and beginning the consultative processes that would, in time, lead to participatory management of coral reef resources. In doing so, the subproject also reached out to schoolchildren in the islands, the future fisherfolk of the Maldives, through thi s book. The text, in both Divehi and English, is aimed at primary schoolchildren (6-14 years). The book is intended to be used as a colouring book as well as a reader. It is written by Mr. N.T. Hasen Didi, former Director in the Ministry of Fisheries and Agriculture (MOFA) and an eminent naturalist and artist, and Ms Sana Mohamed, Reef Biologist, Marine Research Section, MOFA. The book was illustrated by Mr. Hussein Zahir, a Biologist on study leave from the Marine Research Section of MOFA, who is also an artist and an enthusiastic diver.

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