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Independent Evaluation of Project Development Assistance to Farmers in Remote Areas of Kosovo and Montenegro - GCP/RER/019/LUX

Final Evaluation Report










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    Document
    Independent Evaluation of Project Development Assistance to Farmers in Remote Areas of Kosovo and Montenegro - GCP/RER/019/LUX
    Follow-up report to the management response
    2013
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    The project has changed the work plan for no-cost extension period based on the evaluation’s recommendation. The project has recruited an international M&E specialist and two national M&E consultants. Recruitment process of monitoring and media specials is at the moment on-going, the purpose is to make all projects results available for wider audiences. The project is going to strength governments extension services through various workshops with a goal to make project more sustainable and trans ferable to the other regions. Success stories will be written and published on the FAO website. The project website will be created and uploaded with project documents, publication, ppt and other useful information, will be available for all in the region in next few years.
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    Document
    Development Assistance to Farmers in Remote Areas of Kosovo and Montenegro - GCP/PER/019/LUX
    Management Response to evaluation report
    2012
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Small ruminant value chains in Western Balkan countries 2024
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    In the past five years, the small ruminant sector in the Western Balkans has experienced a decline, most notably in Albania, where the sheep population decreased from 1.97 million to 1.48 million. Despite this setback, Albania remains the leading producer of sheep and goat milk in the region, while Serbia has achieved a remarkable 44.6 percent increase in sheep and goat meat production over the past decade. Albania's per capita consumption of mutton and goat meat stands among the highest globally at 8.68 kg/year in 2020, a stark contrast to other Western Balkans countries, where consumption ranges from 0.61 to 3.33 kg/year. Bosnia and Herzegovina is the top importer of live small ruminants, whereas Serbia and Montenegro mainly import processed sheep and goat meat. The report delineates four principal market channels for small ruminant milk and three for small ruminant meat that farmers utilize for product commercialization. Albanian small ruminant farmers predominantly focus on milk production, while their counterparts in Serbia, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina are inclined towards meat production. The sheep and goat sector confronts several challenges, including limited labour availability, depressed prices, and insufficient investment funds. Additionally, the undeveloped wool value chain raises environmental concerns. Regarding policy preferences, sheep and goat farmers favour direct support measures, such as per head payments for milking small ruminants. Suggested interventions include replicating successful business models, fostering collective actions, and aligning strategies with the European Union's Green Deal. The report underscores the necessity for enhanced buyer–farmer integration, effective value chain governance, and strategic farm management practices to foster growth in the small ruminant sector.

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