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Addressing Zaire Ebola virus (EBV) outbreaks

Rapid Qualitative Exposure and Release Assessment









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    Book (series)
    Addressing Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV) outbreaks
    Qualitative entry and exposure assessment update
    2018
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    Prompted by the ongoing Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic in RDC, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) will update the last rapid qualitative exposure and release assessment in order to assess human exposure risks from animal-related activities. The likelihood for human exposure to EBOV through close contact with wild species, hunting, handling and consumption of meat from different wild species as well as the likelihood of introduction and onward transmission of EBOV in non-infected countries through the movements of wild species, consumption and trade of wild animal meat are assessed in this document.
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    Book (series)
    Technical Meeting on Understanding Ebola Virus at the Animal-Human Interface 2016
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    The Technical Meeting on Understanding Ebola Virus at the animal-human interface was convened by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to determine the current status of the scientific knowledge on Ebola Viruses (EBOV), identify the major gaps that require further research studies, in order to better understand the disease dynamics at the interface between animals and humans, identify factors that potentiate the emergence, transmission and spread of EBOV, and develop practical and realistic approaches to better prevent and minimize the impacts of this virus. It was also aimed at fostering collaborations and partnerships between institutions and organizations working on Ebola viruses at the human-animal interface. The meeting was organized by FAO and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) from 19-20 January 2016 in Rome.
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    Exposure of humans or animals to SARS-CoV-2 from wild, livestock, companion and aquatic animals
    Qualitative exposure assessment
    2020
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    Understanding the risk of exposure of humans or animals to SARS-CoV-2 from animals and their products is essential for containing virus spread, prioritizing research, protecting food systems, and informing national One Health investigations and mitigation measures. This Qualitative Exposure Assessment provides a comprehensive review of available scientific evidence and assessment of exposure risk from different wild or domestic animal species. Results can inform country-level risk assessment and provide the evidence base for targeted SARS-CoV-2 investigations in animals and mitigation options. This publication provides: I. assessment of the risk of human or animal exposure to SARS-CoV-2 through contact with, handling or consumption of wild, domestic and aquatic animal species or their products; II. identification of current knowledge gaps regarding the zoonotic origin or animal-human spillover of SARS-CoV-2 and recommendations on priority studies; III. summary of available evidence for SARS-CoV-2 susceptibility of different animal species; IV. evidence-based recommendations on how to prioritize animal species for targeted field investigations or research studies; V. recommendations for targeted One Health investigations and epidemiological, laboratory, anthropological or seasonality studies to fill critical knowledge gaps evidenced by this exposure assessment.

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