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No. 4. Export competition: selected issues and the empirical evidence

FAO Trade Policy Technical Notes on issues related to the WTO negotiations on agriculture












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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    WTO Agreement on Agriculture: Export Competition after the Nairobi Ministerial Conference 2017
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    The Ministerial Decision on Export Competition introduced prohibitions to agricultural export subsidies. It foresees the elimination of export subsidies in different timeframes for developed and developing countries. Specific exceptions have been agreed upon for some products and for particular developed and developing members. The Decision also covers the other three elements (namely Export Credits and Guarantees, International Food Aid and State Trading Enterprises) of the Export Competition p illar. While the elimination of export subsidy entitlements is not expected to induce changes in existing policies, it will, however, prevent future use of the measure.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    WTO Agreement on Agriculture: Export Competition after the Nairobi Ministerial Conference 2017
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    The Ministerial Decision on Export Competition introduced prohibitions to agricultural export subsidies. It foresees the elimination of export subsidies in different timeframes for developed and developing countries. Specific exceptions have been agreed upon for some products and for particular developed and developing members. The Decision also covers the other three elements (namely Export Credits and Guarantees, International Food Aid and State Trading Enterprises) of the Export Competition p illar. While the elimination of export subsidy entitlements is not expected to induce changes in existing policies, it will, however, prevent future use of the measure.
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    Beefing up: An analysis of Uganda's beef export competitiveness - Technical note
    Monitoring and Analysing Food and Agricultural Policies (MAFAP)
    2022
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    The livestock sector accounts for about 17 percent of agricultural value added and 4.3 percent of Ugandan GDP. Among the livestock subsectors, cattle is the most important one, as Uganda has 14.2 million cattle, of which 11.9 million are raised for meat. However, despite the variety of investments for the production and exports of the livestock products put in place by the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry & Fisheries (MAAIF), Ugandan beef exports have decreased over the last years. Consequently, beef export competitiveness and diversification were identified as two of the top agricultural policy reform priorities for the Uganda following consultations with the Uganda Beef Platform Secretariat, which includes members of the Uganda Agribusiness Alliance (UAA), the EU-funded "Developing a market-oriented and environmentally sustainable beef meat industry in Uganda" Project (MOBIP) and of the Beef Policy and Advocacy Taskforce. This technical report looks at the export competitiveness of beef meat, and skins and hides, by analysing export specialization patterns, market diversification and regulatory requirements, among others. It also outlines characteristics of beef-exporting firms in Uganda and the role informal trade plays for this commodity. As a policy tool, it provides a set of conclusions and policy interventions to “beef up” Ugandan exports of fresh beef, frozen beef, and skins and hides, so that these exports become more competitive and attractive for global, inclusive markets.

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