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Eastern Mediterranean Fisheries at a Glance











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    Book (stand-alone)
    A Sub-regional Analysis of the Socio-Economic situation of the Eastern Mediterranean Fisheries 2016
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    Within the framework of the FAO EastMed project, a Working Group on the socio-economic analysis of the fisheries sector in the Eastern Mediterranean was conducted in Athens, Greece from the 2-6 of November 2015. The goal of the working group was to contribute to the understanding of the socio-economic situation of fishing fleets in the Eastern Mediterranean countries, with a view to support economic advice in fisheries management. This report is the result of the working group and compares selec ted fisheries socio-economic indicators, including harvesting cost structure and profitability of main fleet segments. During the working group data was compiled from the Eastern Mediterranean, including Cyprus, Egypt, Palestine (Gaza Strip), Greece, Italy (Ionian Sea), Lebanon and Turkey. For the EU countries the data derived from the EU Data Collection Framework (2010/93/EU) was used, while for the non-EU areas the data was derived from the socio-economic surveys which are currently being co nducted within the framework of the FAO EastMed project. Data from Turkey was derived from the Turkish Statistical Institute. The data collected by both the EU and non-EU areas follow a comparable standard methodology, and using these data sets, socio-economic indicators were estimated and compared among countries and fleet segments in the region. The economic performance of 25 fleet segments from the seven areas mentioned above were analyzed and compared for the year 2012. The fisheries secto r in the region including the Black Sea Turkish production, produced a total of 581 thousand tons of seafood with an estimated value of $1.6 billion. The fishing fleet directly employed 80,017 people on a full-time basis working onboard 40,436 vessels. According to the data presented in this report, the value added generated by fisheries made up 0.05% of the total GDP generated in the region, employing less than 1% of the labour force. However, in the coastal communities of the region it repre sented an important source of employment, income and a highly valuable source of animal protein. In terms of profitability, the best performances were showed in Egypt, Lebanon and Italy, while the worst performance was found in Gaza Strip, where the activity was not profitable. In the vast majority of the fleet segments analysed, crew members are paid with a share system where the running costs are subtracted from the revenues before allocating the shares to the crew members and to the owner. Th e salary per fisher compared to the minimum wage of the manufacturing sector, was lower in Gaza and Lebanon, and higher in Egypt. The ratio of energy costs to operating costs showed the highest value in the fleets operating in Gaza, where energy costs are at an unsustainable level, which is detrimental with respect to the salaries of the workers and the remuneration of the investments. The fuel efficiency showed the highest values in Turkey, and the lowest in Italy where all the fleet segments s cored an extremely low value. The comparison of the breakdown of the cost factors showed that labour and energy were in general the primary costs associated with fishing, although their proportion varies among countries, depending on many factors, such as the fleet structure, the harvesting methods and the fuel subsidies/taxes. In general, vessels using active fishing gears (i.e. trawlers) are more dependent on fuel and have the energy costs accounting for a larger proportion of the operational costs while, for the artisanal vessels using passive gears, labour represents the larger proportion of the operational costs. Salaries can absorb as much as half of the total operating costs in small-scale fisheries, with the exceptions of Gaza and Turkey where the labour costs were below 20%.
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    Report of the 3rd meeting of the Eastmed co-ordination Commitee
    Bari, Italy, 19-20 April 2012
    2012
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    The third coordination meeting of the EastMed project was held in Bari, Italy, from 19 to 20 April 2012 under the kind invitation of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry Policies (MiPAAF) of Italy. The meeting was attended by delegations from Cyprus, Egypt, Gaza Strip & West Bank, Greece, Italy, Lebanon and Turkey, as well as a representative of the EC and staff from FAO HQ, FAO Mediterranean sub-regional projects and the GFCM. After the opening of the meeting and election of the chair person, the activities during the 2nd year of the project were presented, followed by the proposals of activities for the 3rd year from each country. The participants expressed their satisfaction with the project and thanked both the staff of the project and the donors for their contribution. The agreed work plan for the 3rd year includes training and support in data collection, data analyses, activities aiming in strengthening stakeholders’ awareness and activities in promoting regional partici pation and cooperation. The tasks of the project will be the development of a web-based licensing system and a feasibility study for new fishing vessel designs in Lebanon, training on socio-economics in Egypt and Turkey, pilot activities on data collection in Gaza Strip, Lebanon and Turkey, development of the clams fishery in Egypt, experimental trials using alternative fishing techniques in Lebanon as well as training on the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries. The 2nd permanent Working Group on Fi sh Stock Assessment in the Eastern Mediterranean and a Working Group on deep water demersal resources will also be held. EastMed finally, will continue to support the participation of experts from the project’s area at the meeting of the FAO-GFCM and other relevant regional/international organizations. The EastMed project, in close cooperation with the other Mediterranean sub-regional projects, will continue to find synergies among the various activities in the region.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    A subregional analysis of the socio-economic situation of the eastern Mediterranean fisheries 2020
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    A comparative analysis of socioeconomic indicators of the main fishing fleets in eastern Mediterranean countries was carried out by experts from Egypt, Lebanon, Palestine, Turkey and Italy during the EastMed Working Group on Fisheries Data Analysis, FAO, Rome, 10 to 14 September 2018. The fisheries production in the subregion in 2016 totalled 449 400 tonnes, with a cumulative value of USD 1.2 billion. The fishing fleet comprised 36 143 vessels which operated for three million days and directly generated a total of 66 383 jobs, calculated on a full-time basis. When comparing the value added per fisheries worker to the same indicator calculated for agriculture, the performance of the fisheries sector was stronger than that of agriculture in Egypt and Turkey. In all the other countries, the value added per agricultural worker was markedly higher than that generated by fisheries. Overall, Turkey had the most profitable fleet segments in the region. In terms of fuel efficiency, Turkey and Lebanon performed well, probably as a result of a number of factors, including the fishing areas and the targeted species. The salary per fisher against the minimum wage showed the best performance in Egypt, where a fisher on average earned double the minimum wage paid by the manufacturing sector. On the other hand, in Palestine the average salary of a fisher was below the minimum wage and dangerously close to the international poverty line. In most cases, the small-scale fleets performed steadily, with some indicators above the national average.

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