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The Right to Food and Access to Natural Resources

Using Human Rights Arguments and Mechanisms to Improve Resource Access for the Rural Poor












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    Document
    Natural resources governance and the right to adequate food
    Right to Food Thematic Study 4
    2014
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    This thematic study explores the links between the right to food and natural resources governance. It covers a range of issues of which access to resources and assets, land, water, and the recommendation to protect ecological sustainability for sustainable management of natural resources are primary. The study reviews a range of international instruments and international developments related to natural resources governance in the ten years since the adoption of the Voluntary Guidelines to suppo rt the progressive realization of the right to adequate food in the context of national food security (Right to Food Guidelines) in which human rights in general and the right to food in particular feature prominently. The study then reviews progress and challenges at the national and global levels, with a specific focus on gender, vulnerable groups, community and family management, and participatory processes. . Examples are given that show national level successes in terms of a variety of app roaches to handling key concerns with respect to land tenure rights, fishing rights of artisanal fishers, forest land allocation to smallholders. Challenges are mentioned and the wider involvement of the private sector is noted. The author points to global level issues such as climate change and large-scale land acquisitions that remain present in the context of development and public policy for promoting food security and the right to adequate food.
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    Book (series)
    Examining access to natural resources and linkages to sustainable livelihoods
    A case study of Mozambique
    2004
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    Since the adoption of a new Constitution in 1990 and the signing of the peace accord in 1992, Mozambique has witnessed a period of rapid regulatory change in respect to the rules that govern the ownership and rights of use of a range of natural resources. There are newlaws and regulations in place that govern access to and beneficial use of land, forest and mineral resources and a new environmental framework law. FAO has been involved in providing assistance to the recent policy development processes in Mozambique, particularly in respect to the land and forestry sectors. There are ongoing FAO projects in land administration, community forestry, territorial planning, food security and judicial training, all of which are concerned with or affected by the policies, institutions and processes that impact upon access to natural resources by the poor. The overall purpose of the paper is to analyse the extent to which the regulatory changes to natural resource access and management have had their intended effect and to identify and explore the critical issues that require further attention.
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    Document
    Vulnerability and Property Rights of Widows and Orphans in the Era of the HIV and AIDS Pandemic: A Case Study of Muleba and Makete Districts, Tanzania HIV/AIDS Programme, Working Paper 5 2008
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    Safeguarding property rights of vulnerable people is an important policy issue, not least in the quest for poverty reduction in poor societies. This issue has become urgent due to recent developments, including the AIDS epidemic, globalization, climate change and other similar social and natural forces. This study sets out to assess the extent to which property and inheritance rights of widows and orphans are violated or protected in the context of HIV and AIDS in two rural communities in Tanzania. The study takes into consideration two major interrelated aspects: the socio-economic system within which property rights systems are embedded and the constellations of legal pluralism which regulate property rights in Tanzania. While aiming at providing in-depth knowledge on the context and dynamics of the problem, the research goes further to explore the capacity of service providers to protect the property and inheritance rights of women and children.

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