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A preliminary abstract of a current study on ex situ collections at botanic gardens, with particular emphasis on plant genetic resources for food and agriculture







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    Article
    Preliminary assessment of Philippine threatened plants in the makiling botanic gardens, Philippines: A showcase of the gardens’ ex-situ living collections
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Conservation of threatened plants is a national and global concern. Assessment of Philippine plants listed as threatened was conducted at the Makiling Botanic Gardens (MBG) of the Mount Makiling Forest Reserve ASEAN Heritage Park. Aside from providing venue for instruction and research related to forestry and plant sciences as mandated by Republic Act (RA) No. 3523, MBG also serves as a repository of important native and endemic species. The study aimed to showcase MBG’s ex-situ collections and to provide list and information on the threatened plants including status, their number and location within the area to safeguard these threatened plants and save them from possible extinction. The list of threatened plants is based on the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Administrative Order 2017-11 issued on 02 May 2017 pursuant to RA No. 9147, also known as the ‘Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Law’. Results of initial inventory showed a total of 7,574 plant individuals distributed in 401 species and 75 families. Of these, only 82 species with 2,052 individuals are in the Philippine threatened plant list: eight species critically endangered (CR), 15 species endangered (EN), 39 vulnerable (VU), and 20 other threatened species (OTS). This represents only 8.3% of the total 984 species in the threatened plant list and is still way below the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC) Target 8 of 75%. About 45% of these threatened species are endemic to the Philippines. There is a need therefore to prioritize these species for global conservation and restoration. Long-term programs on conservation and restoration of these threatened plants must be developed to at least improve their conservation status. Meanwhile, the MBG has commenced a project to increase its living collections of threatened species and develop propagation protocols to make these available for recovery and restoration programs. Keywords: biodiversity conservation ID:3623523
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