Thumbnail Image

An assessment of the impact of higher yields for maize, soybean and cassava in Indonesia: A multi-market model approach












Also available in:
No results found.

Related items

Showing items related by metadata.

  • Thumbnail Image
    Document
    An Assessment of the Impact of Rice Tariff Policy in Indonesia: A Multi-Market Model Approach 2007
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    Rice is of key importance to Indonesia’s national and household level food security. The choice of tariff policy has important implications for consumers and producers with policy makers having to decide between the trade-offs implied for the various stakeholders. In this study we use a multi-market model to assess the impact of hypothetical rice tariff changes on household welfare and other variables of interest to rice policy-makers. A reduction in the rice tariff from 30 to 0% reduces rice su pply and wheat demand and stimulates rice demand and soybean supply. Rice imports increase from 0.8 to 2 million tons. Rural households except for the Java-top income group, see incomes fall. In terms of purchasing power all households gain very significantly. Eliminating rice tariffs increases crop diversification and more so in those areas and for those income groups which started off least diversified. It is clear that the higher retail rice price resulting from a 30% ad-valorem tariff rate i mposes significant cost on the 90% of Indonesian households, including most of the very poor households, who are net rice buyers. The implied income gains appear relatively modest but do accrue to middle and poorer households especially in Java. On the other hand an increase in the tariff from 30 to 50% eliminates rice imports, reduces soybean output and stimulates wheat demand. Rural households, except for the Java-top income group, see incomes rise although the effect is relatively modest. In terms of purchasing power households are all worse off.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Project
    Support for Enhancing the Production and Distribution of Seeds and Healthy Banana Planting Materials - TCP/RWA/3702 2020
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    Banana, as well as maize, bean and soybean based production systems are important in providing year round food security in Rwanda, as they are among the important staple crops for both rural and urban populations in the country Bananas occupy 23 percent of cultivated area, and the crop contributes significantly to the national value of production The majority of bananas produced are consumed domestically, and as incomes rise among rural households, banana consumption increases vis à vis alternative staples, such as sweet potato, arrow root and cassava However, banana experiences significant production constraints, key among these being pests and diseases transmitted through planting material Farmers’ lack of knowledge and skills concerning these pests and diseases and their management leads to their unintentional movement and spread, through infected planting material In addition, banana production is constrained by low soil fertility, low yielding varieties and poor banana husbandry practices Against this background, the Government of Rwanda, through the Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources ( initiated a banana improvement programme to address the challenges in the banana industry This led to the introduction of high yielding and disease/pest tolerant banana varieties, and the adaptation of improved integrated crop and disease management technologies However, the availability of and farmers’ access to high yielding, pest and disease tolerant varieties, and the adoption of improved crop and disease management technologies were still below expectations This was due to limited capacities in producing and distributing improved banana varieties and weak links among research, extension and farmer organizations to support the dissemination of improved crop and disease management practices to farmers In view of this, MINAGRI requested that FAO provide assistance to enhance the production of tolerant/resistant banana varieties and field rehabilitation in five districts Gisagara Karongi Muhanga Rubavu and Rwamagara.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Document
    An Assessment of the Impact of Wheat Market Liberalization in Egypt: A Multi-Market Model Approach 2007
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    Wheat is central to the government of Egypt’s food security policy which is influenced by a concern for overdependence on imports and the need to provide subsidized bread for the poor. This paper uses a multi-market approach to assess the impact of complete wheat market liberalization, an international wheat price increase, the value of strategic stocks and the impact of investment to generate higher yields and lower transaction costs for wheat producers. Results show that wheat market liberaliz ation implies very substantial costs for consumers and producers. The estimated income losses that these groups suffer would appear to be below the current total subsidy costs and hence a cash transfer program would, in principle, be feasible. The results show that wheat price movements impact strongly on the supply and/or demand side in particular of berseem, rice, maize, cotton and livestock which has significant implications for their net imports as well as input use. Results indicate that st rategic stocks can be useful to neutralize the impact of a wheat price spike. Increasing wheat yields and reducing transportation boosts wheat self-sufficiency but does not dampen the impact of removing the wheat subsidy system on household’s welfare.

Users also downloaded

Showing related downloaded files

No results found.