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A Community-based ecosystem approach to fisheries management : Guidelines for Pacific Island countries









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    Book (stand-alone)
    Community-based Fisheries Management in Phang-nga Bay, Thailand - BOBP/REP/78
    Phuket, Thailand; 14-16 February 1996
    1998
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    This document reports the outcome of the Workshop aimed to build a common understanding among the key participants from the Department of Fisheries (DOF) of Thailand, the fishers and village leaders, universities and NGOs, of the importance, benefits and constraints, roles and responsibilities, and needs for flexibility in undertaking the new approach of ‘partnership in management’ under the DOF/BOBP Community-based Fisheries Management (CBFM) Project in Phang-nga Bay, Thailand. Another object ive was to build a consensus among the key participants on the objectives, issues for management and general approach for implementation of the project. Presentations on the status and trends of fishery resources, the ecology, socioeconomics, opportunities for women’s involvement, as well as fisher’s own knowledge of the Bay were presented and are contained in this document. Recommendations of the Workshop include: organization of a CBFM management framework; establishment of a revolving fund ma naged under the CBFM framework with funding sources from NGOs, Government of Thailand, and fishers’ profits; and provision of training and information services for awareness building. It was recommended that the priority issue to be addressed was to develop approaches and measures to effectively execute and enforce the fisher community ban on push nets and trawlers. The early results of the CBFM project after the workshop are also given.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Creating legal space for community-based fisheries and customary marine tenure in the Pacific: issues and opportunities 2004
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    There is much interest in using customary marine tenure (CMT) as a basis for community-based fisheries management (CBFM) in the Pacific Island Countries (PICs). The laws of PICs lend general support to the use of CMT or tradition in fisheries management. Still, only modest efforts in the use of CMT-based community fisheries management in the PICs are observed. Further legislative action can enhance CMT use in community fisheries management. Government commitment to CBFM generally, and for the ro le of CMT in the CBFM context with support from interested entities and stakeholders including communities, will complement efforts for promoting sustainable utilization of fisheries resources and improved livelihoods in the PICs.
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    Article
    Effects of COVID-19 on Community-Based Forest Management (CBFM) in selected regions of the Philippines
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Everyone, regardless of socio-economic status and location, has been affected at varying degrees by the COVID-19 pandemic. However, those living in the uplands have borne the brunt of COVID-19, because lesser resources are at their disposal compared to their lowland counterparts. Moreover, deforestation, landscape fragmentation, habitat destruction, and illegal wildlife trade are being blamed at them as the reasons behind the pathogen transmission. With an estimated area of 1.6 million hectares of forest under the management of people’s organizations (POs) through the Community-Based Forest Management (CBFM) Program of the Philippine Government, the importance of these communities cannot be overly emphasized in effecting sustainable forest management to prevent future disease outbreaks. This study assesses the impacts of COVID- 19 on forest management activities and livelihood of upland communities in 15 of the 18 regions of the country implementing CBFM Program through online focus group discussions (FGDs) with the officers and staff of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) at the regional, provincial, and local levels. Initial results indicate that lockdowns have adversely affected the production activities of the POs, which consequently resulted in a decrease in income. In addition, an increase in illegal activities such as timber poaching, charcoal making, and swidden farming have been observed in some areas as forest protection activities have been put on hold. Enterprising POs, however, have ventured into selling their cash crops, ornamental plants, and other products online for income generation, while others focused their time on tending their agroforestry farms. The findings of this study can be used as bases for targeted interventions (i.e., employment in forest restoration and monitoring, strengthening alternative livelihoods) of the government to avert a further decline in forest condition, even beyond the COVID-19 pandemic. Keywords: COVID-19, community-based forest management, sustainable forest management ID: 3486614

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