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Characterization of the aquafeed sub-sector in the Kyrgyz Republic: an aquafeed value chain analysis and preparation of a business plan for establishing a feed mill













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    Report of the Expert Workshop on local alternative ingredients, aquafeed supply and feeding management, Abbassa, Egypt, 3–5 December 2023 2024
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    This report summarizes the proceedings and outcomes of the “Expert workshop on local alternative ingredients, aquafeed supply and feeding management” convened in Abbassa, Egypt, from 3 to 5 December 2023. The workshop brought together acknowledged aquafeed experts from African countries, governmental agencies, universities, development organizations, private industry and farmers. The workshop was jointly organized by the FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Division (NFI) and WorldFish Egypt and hosted by the WorldFish Centre in Abbassa, Egypt. The workshop objectives were to: i) exchange and share knowledge of the use of local alternative ingredients, aquafeed supply and feeding management; ii) showcase technological advances and innovations in local alternative ingredients, aquafeed supply and feeding management; iii) identify country-specific challenges and issues in local alternative ingredients, aquafeed supply and feeding management; iv) identify national and regional needs for technical assistance and capacity building on local alternative ingredients, aquafeed supply and feeding management; and v) recommend strategies to address identified development priorities, knowledge products on local alternative ingredients, aquafeed supply and feeding management. The workshop was divided into an overview, country presentations, technical and producer sessions. The country presentation session included presentations from Cameroon, Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. The farmers’ experiences were presented by small farmers from Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria and Sierra Leone and experiences from Egyptian aquafeed industries. Following a general plenary discussion, the participants identified seven primary issues that currently constrain aquafeed production and feeding management in African aquaculture, namely: i) limited access to information on alternative feed ingredients (availability and accessibility); ii) poor feed preparation, processing, handling and storage at the farm level; iii) inadequate monitoring of on-farm feeding and farm performances; iv) inadequate investment and operating capitals for small-scale feed producers and farmers; v) inadequate knowledge and skills of farmers and extension workers in improved farm-made feed production, feeding management and farm performances; vi) poor feed quality and availability; and vii) lack of appropriate legal and policy frameworks required for sustainable aquaculture development including quality aquafeed manufacturing. Recommendations were proposed and classified under four categories: i) governance, ii) research and development, iii) capacity building, and iv) value chain.
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    Aquafeed value chain analysis and a review of regulatory framework of striped catfish farming in Viet Nam 2019
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    This Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper presents the findings of a value chain analysis of the aquafeed (aquatic animal feed) sub-sector for the striped catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) farming in Viet Nam, including a review of aquafeed regulatory framework in the country. The striped catfish (pangasius) production sub-sector is characterized by intensive pond production technology and high-quality production inputs. In 2014, annual production of pangasius was 1 143 797 tonnes. The key actors in the value chain comprise input suppliers, including feed ingredients suppliers, feed manufacturers, and hatchery operators (seed producers), along with fingerling and grow-out farmers, fish processors, exporters, consumers and service providers. In recent years, large-scale vertically integrated enterprises have started to emerge that operate along the entire value chain, and these now dominate many areas of production.
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    Fish marketing and consumption survey in the Kyrgyz Republic 2013
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    A country-wide survey was carried out to assess the status, trends and issues related to fish production, marketing and consumption in the Kyrgyz Republic. The methodology adopted was a combination of structured questionnaires and one-to-one interviews that collected data from 1167 respondents, which included fish farmers, vendors/sellers of fish and fish products, consumers of fish and fish products and key informants. The emerged trends and issues from the survey results were presented and in terpreted under fish production, trade and consumption. Since independence, the fish production in the Kyrgyz Republic is not realized to its potential due to knowledge gaps in innovative technology and good management practices in aquaculture and fisheries. Inconsistent supply of quality fish seed, lack of access to fish feeds and credit, and total absence of state support services were the main constraints. Farmers see opportunities to develop recreational fisheries in their aquaculture ponds . The main constraints to a developed fish marketing are related to infrastructure and institutional management. The majority of markets are rather poorly endowed with basic infrastructure and services for food handling. Knowledge deficit on modern sanitation techniques and quality control, management of hygiene of fish handlers, and distantly located markets from fishers are also constraints in fish marketing. A vigorous attempt to improve the system should begin by a very careful and detailed evaluation of the problems in the market and marketing system. The quality of unprocessed fish during transit from harvest to the consumer cannot be assured as the present system of inspection and quality control is restricted mainly to the processed fish products. The price of fish is influenced by the price at which the middlemen/wholesalers buy their fish and the amount of profit they intend to gain, and it is fixed through supply and demand interaction. The marketing inefficiency too contri butes to unregulated price margins. In proportion to other commodities, fish prices have recently increased and this discourages increasing per capita fish consumption. The share of fish in the food basket offered by catering entities averages 19 percent, while the share of fish and fish products in the total food basket of a household amounts to less than 9.7 percent. The indications are that to increase this share, fish prices must go down. Fish selling business is dominated by females, mainl y in the post-harvest sector due to their involvement in household-based small-scale fish processing. Exporters perceived that low-interest credit and improved legislation to streamline export procedures, elimination of corruption and access to information, particularly on pricing policies, quality standards, and forecasted fish consumption and demand are key to improve the export industry. The report includes a set of recommendations to address the issues emerged from the survey related to fish production, marketing and consumption.

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