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Improving implementation of the systems approach for pest risk management in Southern Africa

Policy brief









FAO. 2022. Improving implementation of the systems approach for pest risk management in Southern Africa – Policy brief. Rome.



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    Project
    Support for the Enhancement of National Plant Pest Surveillance and Phytosanitary Certification Systems - TCP/RER/3705 2022
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    For Armenia, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, North Macedonia, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine, plant protection in agriculture and forestry is important for food safety and economic development Not only do plants ensure sustainable nutrition for society, but they also support international trade in plants or plant products As plants are hosts for many pests, international trade is inherently associated with risks of pest introduction and spread National phytosanitary systems based on the International Plant Protection Convention ( and International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures ( aim at reducing those risks Even though the ISPMs are available on the website of the IPPC, National Plant Protection Organizations ( often have insufficient knowledge of them In practice, this may translate into difficulties in discussions with other NPPOs, especially on trade related issues Moreover, as ISPMs are revised and updated, especially to reflect new scientific achievements, periodic training is necessary to keep NPPOs and their officers informed about recent developments The main objective of this project was to enhance the capacities of the national phytosanitary systems operated by the NPPOs of the recipient countries to better prevent the risks associated with the introduction and spread of pests that can occur through international trade in plants and plant products Among the key elements of national phytosanitary systems are surveillance systems, which enable reliable determination of the presence or absence of pests in the territories or parts of territories of countries, early detection of newly introduced pests and determination of areas of their spread within the country Monitoring surveys are used to verify the characteristics of pest populations within countries, enabling timely reaction and the prevention of economic damage to crops The project built the capacities of the NPPOs in the participating countries on the identification of pests and on phytosanitary certificates through the delivery of training sessions These were based on international standards adopted under the IPPC, which provide guidance for NPPOs around the world on the harmonization of their actions to combat plant pests for international trade in plants and plant products.
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    Book (series)
    Guide to implementation of phytosanitary standards in forestry 2011
    This guide, produced by an international group of scientists, phytosanitary authorities, forest experts and industry representatives and reviewed by more than 100 specialists from 46 countries, provides easy-to-understand information on how good forest management practices and well implemented phytosanitary standards can minimize pest spread and facilitate safe trade. Specifically, it explains how the International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs) and national plant protection organization (NPPO) regulations affect the import and export of forest commodities; how relevant ISPMs can be used to prevent pest introduction and spread; and how forest-sector personnel can work together with NPPOs to contribute to the development and implementation of ISPMs and national phytosanitary regulations that help reduce pest movement while restricting trade as little as possible. The guide will be of vital interest to people involved in nursery activitie s, planting, managing, harvesting, manufacturing, trading and transporting forest products. It will also benefit forest policy-makers, planners, managers and educators, particularly in developing countries.
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    Policy brief
    Promoting sustainable access to markets for the Southern African Development Community Member States 2023
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    Global growth in the trade of agricultural products, with associated increased risk in the introduction and spread of pests, poses challenges for Southern African Development Community (SADC) Member States wanting to gain access to new markets and maintain trade. Gaining market access by any country requires a balance between the importance of trade flows and need to protect plant resources from pests. This policy brief provides a phytosanitary perspective to market access, touching on the critical role of National Plant Protection Organisations (NPPOs) in preventing the introduction and spread of pests while facilitating trade through market access. It presents recommendations to improve compliance of SADC member states to various sanitary and phytosanitary requirements; to increase awareness of the Africa Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) as an incentive for promoting trade; and resource mobilization for the effective implementation of the Plant Health Strategy for Africa (PHSA) as a tool for promoting market access.

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