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The effects of visit characteristics in urban forest on the individual life satisfaction

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022










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    Who visited urban forests and trails more or less during the COVID-19 pandemic and why? A case study in Salt Lake City, UT, USA
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    While the COVID-19 pandemic caused a decrease in travel and social activities, there was an exception—travel to parks and trails. Urban residents needed refuge to relax, exercise, and socialize. Nevertheless, trips to parks and trails vary by socio-demographic characteristics, disadvantageous to those having health issues or low-income. Without appropriate community design and planning interventions, such conditions may worsen existing environmental injustice and health issues. This study explores the demographic profile of those who used urban parks and trails more or less during the COVID-19 pandemic in Salt Lake City, UT, USA. Data comes from an online and intercept survey with 4,325 responses and focus groups with 52 participants. Quantitative analyses show that park and trail use during the pandemic decreased among older adults, females, homeowners, and low- income households. Also, people living in a denser, more walkable, and more park/trail accessible neighborhood likely increased their visitations.Our qualitative analysis further examines how residents feel about their use of parks and trails during the pandemic and how they would improve them in the future. Respondents in disadvantaged neighborhoods felt safe visiting parks, highlighting the value of urban nature as a resilience infrastructure and community asset during a crisis. This study presents transformative ideas to engage communities and promote stewardship, which are relevant to cities looking into the New Normal. Keywords: green space; equity; health; SARS-CoV-2; urban forest; urban planning ID: 3614623
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    How is human breathable air changed by forests?: The characteristics of natural VOC in birch forests
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Since the outbreak of new viruses that cause highly infectious diseases among humans, such as SARS and COVID-19, people are increasingly interested in healthy living surrounded by nature. The pursuit of physical comfort is instinctive in most human beings; therefore, the influence of natural environment on humans is significant. Terms such as healing forest and forest medicine are associated with forests in some countries. Natural VOC, representing the healing forest factor, are widely known as phytoncide in Korea. Several studies have shown that NVOC emitted from forests have various beneficial effects such as disease prevention and health improvement.
    In this study, 380 samples were collected and analyzed to examine the characteristics of NVOC emitted from forest in Inje where many citizens visit to enjoy landscape. In this study, NVOC were analyzed in November 2018, May and July 2019, and measurements were performed at three different locations considering movement of citizens. Using mini pump and stainless steel tube filled with Tenax TA, 9L of NVOC was collected at a speed of 150mL/min.
    The analysis of NVOC composition in forest on an annual basis showed that it comprised α-pinene 27%, camphor 10%, and β-pinene 9%. Examination of the pattern of intraday NVOC concentration revealed that it was relatively high in the afternoon and increased when photoenvironment changed, where as the influence of wind speed. Evaluation of the correlation between the NVOC concentration and the microclimate in the forest showed that the concentration increased markedly with the increase in temperature and humidity, and the concentration decreased with the increase in wind speed. When the NVOC emission tendency of the birch forest was analyzed by season, high NVOC concentrations were detected in summer. In conclusion, these results can be used as basic data for the technical development of forest space management related to the establishment of forest healing spaces in the future. Keywords: Human health and well-being, Monitoring and data collection, Covid-19, One Health ID: 3477860
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    Urban green space during COVID-19 outbreak: A comparison of city dwellers’ visitation
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    The global pandemic disease (COVID-19) has given temporary a positive effect to the environment condition and an extremely distressing impact to the social and economic sectors. Most countries-imposed lockdown and strict precautions to deal with this shock. These policy responses did decrease NO2 concentration and upgrade the air quality index in some countries. However, physical and mental health issues were reported to increase. Visiting urban green space could be one of the various solutions to address the problem even it may risk being exposed to the virus. This dilemma may affect the pattern of visitation urban green space in temperate and tropic countries. This study aims to understand how COVID-19 and government policy responses affect the visitation of a number of urban green spaces in temperate and tropic countries. The data were collected from Google Mobility Reports and John Hopkins University which had been retrieved by Our World in Data and SDG-Tracker of Oxford University. Six countries (Germany, Spain, Italy) representing temperate and Mediterranean and (Indonesia, Brazil, and Singapore) as tropic countries were chosen as study case from March to April 2020. The nation-wide lockdowns were implemented in Germany, Spain, Italy, and Singapore while Brazil and Indonesia decided to keep social distance and remotely working from home. These restrictions affected negatively to the visitation of urban green space in all countries except for Germany. Italy and Spain had the lowest percentage (up to -83.71%) of visitors during a high daily confirmed cases and strict measurements from the government at the end of March 2020 while Germany’s urban green visitors had increased up to 53.71%. Brazil had its lowest percentage number up to -61.57%, Indonesia declined up to - 43.29% and Singapore fell up to -68.14%. Keywords: urban green space visitation, policy responses, temperate, tropics ID: 3624053

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