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Fuel-efficient mud stoves in Darfur, Sudan










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    Project
    Emergency Assistance to Restore and Improve Food and Nutrition Security of the Disaster-Affected Households in North, South and West Darfur States - TCP/SUD/3704 2021
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    Protracted displacement in Darfur has disrupted traditional agricultural based livelihood activities and eroded community capacity to withstand shocks Despite relative peace and stability in Darfur in recent years, around 1 6 million displaced people continue to live in camps and rural gatherings, according to data released by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Sudan in 2018 In addition, according to the 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan ( more than two million people in Darfur are food insecure The capacity of resident communities to host displaced people in the conflict affected areas, whether sedentary rural farmers or nomadic pastoralists, has been undermined In addition, low crop productivity associated with the lack of certified seeds and variable rainfall has forced many farmers to engage in shifting cultivation, encroaching on grazing routes and sites Vulnerable people among internally displaced persons ( returnees and hosting communities are increasingly vulnerable because of their reduced access to agricultural inputs and water, as well as a chronic shortage of basic services The conflict has also impacted pastoral traditional mobility and access to grazing and water resources for livestock, giving rise to resource based competition and tension between farmers and pastoralists.
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    Document
    Plan of Action for North Sudan. Emergency response and rehabilitation for food and agriculture August 2010 – August 2012 2010
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    After decades of civil conflict and associated political instability, populations throughout North Sudan have seen their livelihoods and production capacity eroded and their ability to cope with human-induced and recurrent natural disasters (floods, droughts, outbreaks of livestock diseases) worn away. There have been considerable efforts to respond to the protracted crisis, with the international humanitarian response reaching USD 1.3 billion in 2009. Despite this, millions of people continue t o face severe and chronic food insecurity. With between 60 and 80 percent of the working-age population relying on agriculture to meet their food and income needs, the sector’s importance to economic recovery and the consolidation of peace in North Sudan cannot be underestimated. In this Plan of Action (PoA), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) outlines its emergency and rehabilitation programme for North Sudan in 2010–12. It does not include FAO’s long-term develop ment programme, but is designed to complement the Organization’s ongoing development activities, as well as the interventions of United Nations agencies, Government and other partners which aim to mitigate the effects of recurrent crises while addressing their root causes. The programme relies heavily on a disaster risk management approach to the complex situation in North Sudan. This approach focuses on emergency relief, such as replacing lost assets or restoring livelihoods, as well as on earl y efforts as part of risk reduction that protect and sustain livelihoods. Such interventions can often be more effective than those delayed until people are in crisis. Given the complex and protracted nature of the crisis in North Sudan, FAO’s relief and recovery programming is enhanced by interventions that not only restore, but also protect and promote livelihoods in food and agriculture. Thus, the overall purpose of the PoA for North Sudan is to improve preparedness and to make short-term res ponses in food and agriculture more effective. The proposed priorities in this PoA will help FAO, its counterparts and partners to meet shortterm needs in ways that strengthen the resilience of communities and lead to more effective and longer-term recovery. The approach is reflected in the six key areas of focus as proposed in this PoA, based on an analysis of the current situation, the main factors triggering food insecurity and assessments identifying and targeting vulnerable groups. These ar e: (i) dwindling agricultural production; (ii) reduced livestock production and productivity; (iii) the adverse effect of climate change and the conflicts created over the use of scarce natural resources and longer-term issues such as land access; (iv) economic factors that affect the livelihoods of the various groups, as well as the creation of alternative livelihood resources; (v) the need for institutional strengthening; and (vi) coordination of the international community and the assistance provided. The above priorities have been expanded into twelve sectoral programmes that detail activities to be implemented by FAO in North Sudan to achieve expected outcomes and address the specific needs identified in three regions: (i) Greater Darfur (comprising North, South and West Darfur); (ii) the Transitional Areas (Abyei, Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan); and (iii) Eastern Sudan (Gedaref, Kassala and Red Sea states). The total budget for the PoA 2010–2012 is USD 45 056 468. The PoA signa ls FAO’s adoption of a more programmatic approach in its emergency and rehabilitation activities in North Sudan. The document has used a programme cycle management approach to present the situation analysis, planned response and monitoring and evaluation framework. Through this PoA and other efforts, FAO is attempting to build greater programmatic coherence with internal and external partners, in line with national food security plans and related strategy and United Nations system programming fr amework. Fundamentally, this PoA is a dynamic programming tool that may need to be adjusted, according to contingency plans, when and as the food security situation evolves in North Sudan.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Northeastern Nigeria | Assessing FAO’s fuel-efficient stove intervention
    A post-distribution assessment to enhance Safe Access to Fuel and Energy (SAFE) - Improving Safe Access to Fuel and Energy in northeastern Nigeria
    2019
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    Armed conflict in northeastern Nigeria – Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States – has driven millions from their homes and uprooted agriculture‑based livelihoods. In worst affected Borno, poor energy access has exposed vulnerable people to a number of challenges linked to food insecurity and malnutrition, deforestation, protection risks and health risks. When using inefficient energy technologies, such as open fires, the demand for these energy resources is high. In response, FAO is implementing Safe Access to Feul and Energy, following a three-way programmatic approach, namely: (i) reducing energy demand by promoting fuel-efficient technologies; (ii) increasing energy supply through sustainable forestry management practices; and (iii) promoting safe and sustainable livelihoods. With the support of Norway and in partnership with the International Centre for Energy, Environment and Development, FAO provided 5 000 people (IDPs, returnees and host community members) with locally produced cooking stoves in Maiduguri, Jere and Konduga local government areas of Borno. To evaluate the impact of the stove distribution (December 2018), FAO undertook a household survey. Key findings included improved access to energy, high adoption of the stoves, and reduced (i) fuel use and costs, (ii) risk of physical harm to women and girls and (iii) health risks.

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