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Conservation of green blue carbon ecosystem: Local perceptions and awareness on mangrove forest

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022









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    The current situation and perception analysis of forest carbon offset scheme in Korea
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    As the international community pays attention to the absorption of carbon using forests, Korea has been operating the Forest Carbon Offset Scheme since 2013. However, monitoring performance to be performed for certification is sluggish, and it was found that there is a limit to sustainable operation. This study aims to analyze current situation and perception of Forest Carbon Offset Scheme in Korea to suggest problems and direction of improvement.

    Through literature surveys and interviews, in-depth interview questions were selected, and people in charge of transaction-type projects were interviewed in-depth. The Survey was conducted on people in charge, and the characteristics of perception were analyzed through descriptive statistical and frequency analysis.

    The main expected effect was profit generation, and the overall perception of the expected effect decreased. Hindrances were in the order of "Concern about transaction possibilities", "Complexity of certification procedure", "Lack of competent professionals", "Lack of support costs for project planning", "Administrative delay" and "Lack of project operators’ expertise". Also, there were some issues in need of improvement in three aspects. First, there were issues with “Complexity of certification procedure”, “Lack of competent professionals”, “Lack of support costs for project planning”, and “Administrative delay” in system and operation. Second, there were issues with “Concern about transaction possibilities” in profitability. Third, there were issues with “Lack of project operators’ expertise”, “Gap between business purpose and expectation” in participants’ characteristics and perception.

    This study proposed "Providing guidelines and information on the project through periodic identification of the people in charge", "Emphasizing awareness as a project for social contribution", and "Encouragement of revenue generation from non-carbon revenue sources" for improvement of scheme. Keywords: Policies, Climate change, Sustainable forest management ID: 3486756
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    Biodiversity and carbon sequestration assessments for wetland management framework in the wetlands in Bangladesh for climate mitigation and adaptation
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    The wetlands of Bangladesh are biologically diversified having a wide range of ecosystems ranging from northern region’s Haor to Mangrove forests of coastal zone of the country. Among these wetlands, there are two RAMSAR sites; Tanguar Haor and The Sundarbans. An updated inventory of the biodiversity and tree carbon stock is a timely demand as the climate mitigation and biodiversity conservation is of high significance in Bangladesh. This studies objective is to assess the floral (tree) diversity and above ground carbon stock per hector in and around the wetlands along with a wetland management framework for Bangladesh. this study uses both qualitative and quantitative method. This study adopts a nested plot inventory method to assess biodiversity assessment (diversity and evenness index) and carbon stock assessment. A total of 190 plots were taken in three different types of wetlands: 50 plots in Tangoar Haor, 50 plots in Kaptai Lake, 20 plots in Baikka Beel, 20 plots in Ratargul swamp forest and 50 plots in Hakaluki Haor. Additionally, 300 personal interviews along with 40 FGDs were carried out to obtain the people’s perception on biodiversity status in context of previous time. The study reveals that, the Shannon indexes for Tanguar Haor, Kaptai Lake, Baikka Beel, Ratargul swamp forest and Hakaluki Haor are 0.517, 0.779, 0.687, 0.279 and 0.828 respectively. It shows that the Ratargul have low biodiversity, whereas Hakaluki haor have higher biodiversity. Secondly the tree above ground carbon stocks tons per hectors for Tanguar Haor, Kaptai Lake, Baikka Beel, Ratargul swamp forest and Hakaluki Haor are 25.929, 59.210, 28.767, 31.538 and 33.587. The social data i.e., interview and FGD indicates a declining trend of tree species diversity in comparison past. The study results also provide comprehensive management framework involving malty level stakeholders for wetlands of Bangladesh. Keywords: Biodiversity conservation, Adaptive and integrated management, Climate change ID: 3486762
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    Comparison of awareness on aesthetic and other forest values between Korean and Malaysian university student
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    According to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA), ecosystem services are classified as provisioning, regulating, cultural, and supporting, and these services are divided into 31 types of forest functions. These services and functions are also grouped as economic, social, and environmental categories of which are the three basic categories of services that are connected with Sustainable Forest Management (SFM). The purpose of this study is to identify any similarities and differences held by the public (represented by non-forestry major university students) and forestry experts (represented by forestry major university students) from two different countries (South Korea and Malaysia) to reveal the role of education and country of residence background in rating the importance and priorities of forest functions and values especially aesthetic values in terms of SFM. Questionnaires asking the participant to rate the importance of the 4 forest services and 31 functions and beliefs about priorities for 6 major values associated with forest management objectives were distributed through an internet web-based survey to forestry and non-forestry university students in South Korea and Malaysia. 306 students from universities in Malaysia and 314 students from universities in Korea had participated in this study. The results showed a difference in perception of forest functions and values between Korean and Malaysian university students regardless of their university major, showing that country of residence affected people’s awareness of forest functions and values. The results of this study can help in the development of the Criteria and Indicator (C&I) of Sustainable Forest Management. Keywords: Sustainable forest management, Youth and young generation, Deforestation and forest degradation ID: 3622520

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