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Supporting Forest Conservation and Sustainable Livelihoods through a Payment for Ecosystem Services Scheme in Mozambique - GCP/MOZ/117/GFF








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    Book (stand-alone)
    Sustainable management of Miombo woodlands
    Food security, nutrition and wood energy
    2018
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    The Miombo woodland is a vast African dryland forest ecosystem covering close to 2.7 million km2 across southern Africa (Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe). The woodlands are characterized by the dominance of Brachystegia species, either alone or in association with Julbernardia and Isoberlinia species. It is estimated that the woodlands – through their numerous goods and services which include various non-wood forest products (NWFPs) (e.g. insects, mushrooms, fruits, tubers, medicine, fodder, honey, seeds) and woodfuels, which, for simplicity, will be referred to as non-timber forest products, or NTFPs, throughout the publication – sustain the livelihoods of more than 100 million rural poor and 50 million urban people. The charcoal sector alone employs vast numbers of rural people and offers additional income to many poor rural families. Communities moreover rely directly on the woodlands for food and nutrition. NWFPs add vital micro- and macronutrients to local diets and contribute to diversified food systems, while woodfuel is essential for cooking and sterilizing, thus ensuring proper nutrient absorption and providing clean water for drinking. Forests and trees, if managed sustainably, are an important source of resilience for rural people in the Miombo woodlands, supporting households to absorb and recover from climatic or economic calamities and contributing to resolving the underlying causes of food insecurity, undernutrition and poverty by providing nutritious edible products and woodfuel for cooking in addition to conserving biodiversity and water resources, buffering extreme weather conditions and preventing land degradation and desertification. Generally speaking, it is now accepted that forests managed for both timber and NTFPs retain more biodiversity and resilience than forests managed solely for one aspect, e.g. timber and exotic timber plantations. However, a growing population in high need of agricultural land and unsustainable use and overharvesting of natural resources in parts of the Miombo woodlands, combined with climate change impacts (e.g. drought, fires), leave insufficient time for many trees and associated species to regenerate naturally, posing a serious threat to the products and services of the woodlands, and to the livelihoods depending on them. Compounding the problem and hindering development of the Miombo ecosystem, are: i) lack of an enabling policy environment; ii) unsustainable management; iii) limited willingness and ability to pay for and access to energy-efficiency technologies; iv) inadequate awareness and information, including technical capacity; v) high poverty levels; and vi) limited access to microcredit facilities. With the Committee on World Food Security’s endorsement of the recommendations presented in the High Level Panel of Experts Report on Sustainable Forestry for Food Security and Nutrition in late 2017 – which include promoting multifunctional landscapes, integrated food-forestry systems, and research on associated linkages, among other things – forests and trees are expected to play a greater role in future land-use decisions and related policies. This paper provides an overview of these linkages in the context of the Miombo woodlands, in the hope that future land use, policy decisions and financial investments are shaped to support the contributions of forests and trees to the health and livelihoods of communities in the ecoregion. The following key messages were formulated: • Forests and trees, if managed sustainably, are an important source of resilience for rural people in the Miombo woodlands, supporting households to absorb and recover from climatic or economic calamities and contributing to resolving the underlying causes of food insecurity, undernutrition and poverty by providing nutritious edible products and woodfuel for cooking in addition to conserving biodiversity and water resources, buffering extreme weather conditions and preventing land degradation and desertification. • Current data bases referring to the value of the Miombo must be analysed and used as evidence to improve policy-making. • Miombo woodlands may be dominant (spatially), but they have not been addressed as a single unit but as part of the region’s forests. They form part of the overall forestry strategies and no specific mention in the conventions does not suggest that their importance is underplayed. • The management of Miombo will require some changes in management structures, especially in providing benefits emerging from trade in forest products to local managers. • Local forest managers should play a greater role in allocating resources for feedstock for charcoal production.
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    Document
    Nature based solutions for restoration of degraded forests and biodiversity conservation
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Bush encroachment is a serious land degradation phenomenon affecting up to 45 million hectares of Namibian land and has severe negative consequences on key ecosystem services, threatening biodiversity, water resources and the livelihoods of communities and farmers who depend on the land. It has led to decreased biodiversity, degradation of the functions and structures of ecological ecosystems, lowering the grasslands’ carrying capacity, displacement of wildlife, as well as impacting groundwater recharge. Encroachers include species such as Senegalia erubescens, S. fleckii, Vachellia nilotica, V. luederitzii, V. reficiens, Colophospermum mopane, Rhigozum trichotomum, Terminalia prunioides, T. sericea, S. mellifera, and Dichrostachys cinerea.

    The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is an international organisation promoting responsible forest management. FSC has been certifying forest management in savanna woodland and timber products produced such as charcoal in Namibia for 19 years, and has seen a rapid increase in forest management certification over the last 3 years. The poster will highlight the enabling conditions which contributed to the growth of approximately 1.5 million hectares (841%) of responsibly managed restoration efforts on FSC certified land in Namibia. This will include information on the FSC forest stewardship standard for Namibia developed by Namibian experts and stakeholders. The standard is focused on restoration of degraded forests and effective after-care measures and improved working conditions for workers. Information will also include supply chain integrity in charcoal supply chains from Namibia to European markets; biodiversity conservation via ecosystem services certification, development and implementation of user friendly technology to assist farmers with sustainable forest management practices and knowledge transfer; and how the use of materials developed by partners have assisted with best practices and local capacity development. Keywords: Deforestation and forest degradation, Knowledge management, Sustainable forest management, Partnerships, Value chain ID: 3486379
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Payments for Ecosystem Services to Support Forest Conservation and Sustainable Livelihoods
    Evaluation Highlights
    2023
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    The Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) to Support Forest Conservation and Sustainable Livelihoods project, supported by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), sought to promote biodiversity conservation and climate change mitigation in the Miombo forest ecosystem. It aimed to strengthen the existing revenue sharing mechanism (RSM) that supports the sustainable use and conservation of forests and wildlife and improves local livelihoods. The terminal evaluation covered almost the entire original implementation period and had a dual purpose of accountability and learning, making it summative. The evaluation covered the Zambezia Province districts where project activities were implemented.

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