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Technical Support for Developing Capacity for Implementing 2021 Integrated Agriculture Census - TCP/PAK/3805








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    Emergency Support to Improve Food Security and Agriculture-Based Subsistence Livelihoods of Drought-Affected Population in Balochistan and Sindh Provinces of Pakistan - TCP/PAK/3705 2022
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    Pakistan has an estimated population of around 208 million, with 40 9 million living below the national poverty line The country is not only prone to natural disasters that adversely impact the food security and livelihoods of its inhabitants, but is also vulnerable to climatic changes that are expected to increase the occurrence and severity of droughts in the southern part of the country, especially in Balochistan and Sindh provinces, where between 65 and 95 percent of the population lives in rural areas Drought is increasingly common in these provinces, with serious consequences on food security, livestock, crops, water resources, the environment and aquifers In August 2018 the Provincial Disaster Management Authority of Sindh identified 513 villages in eight districts of Sindh as calamity hit (drought affected) In December 2018 18 districts in Balochistan were identified as calamity hit by the PDMA, Balochistan Both Sindh and Balochistan provinces have a high prevalence of poverty and food insecurity The incidence of multidimensional poverty is 43 percent and 71 percent in Sindh and Balochistan respectively, and even higher in rural areas According to the preliminary results of a National Nutrition Survey in 2018 global acute malnutrition rates are above emergency thresholds in most drought affected districts A Sindh drought needs assessment conducted in October 2018 classified between 32 and 36 percent of HHs 0 72 0 89 million people) as severely food insecure and 1 1 6 million people classified as moderately food insecure A similar assessment conducted in 14 drought affected districts of Balochistan in January 2019 indicated that 58 percent of surveyed HHs experienced moderate or severe hunger In response to the drought emergency in the two provinces the PDMAs declared a state of calamity in the affected districts while the NDMA requested the United Nations System to activate an emergency response coordination system A drought response plan for emergency support to 2 1 million people in the prioritized districts was developed, with a funding requirement of USD 96 3 million in January 2019 to be led by FAO and the World Food Programme ( The current project was developed to provide immediate emergency assistance to extremely food insecure drought affected agro pastoralist communities in the provinces of Balochistan (in Nushki and Chaghi districts) and Sindh (in Umerkot and Sanghar districts) The project would also conduct an Integrated Food Security Phase Classification ( acute food insecurity.
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    Critical Support to the Cold Wave and Locust Emergencies in Pakistan - TCP/PAK/3801 2023
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    Pakistan is prone to multiple natural hazards, including floods, droughts, earthquakes, landslides, snowfall, avalanches and cyclones Beginning in January 2020 unprecedented heavy snowfall and rain coupled with avalanches adversely affected livelihoods in many districts of Balochistan and Pakistan Administered Kashmir In Balochistan the Provincial Disaster Management Authority ( declared eleven districts of the province calamity hit In Pakistan Administered Kashmir, three districts were identified as the worst affected by the state government According to the National Disaster Management Authority ( 1 300 houses, mostly located in Balochistan 1 062 were damaged in snow/rainfall spells and 107 people died, with smallholder farmers the hardest hit Balochistan is home to 50 percent of Pakistan’s small ruminant population, with a high concentration of livestock in some of the affected districts As a result of the cold wave, an estimated 30 to 40 percent of the livestock population lacked feed and fodder, and animal health support Standing seasonal Rabi crops were also severely affected, with serious repercussions for the food security of the vulnerable population Because of the unavailability of financial and technical resources, the assistance provided by the government authorities was limited and a request was made to FAO to provide the affected population with fodder, medical treatment and crop inputs for the upcoming cropping season FAO technical assistance was also requested to build capacity at federal, provincial and district levels to eliminate Desert Locust, following the worst outbreak in over 25 years and the declaration of a national emergency in January 2020 The original project had three outputs aimed at safeguarding livelihoods and protecting the food security and nutrition of the most vulnerable farming households Output 1 would target the cold wave emergency in the worst affected districts of Kila Saifullah Balochistan and Neelum (Pakistan Administered Kashmir Output 2 would enhance coordination among FAO, the World Food Programme and the Food Security and Agriculture Working Group ( co led by the NDMA and PDMAs, while Output 3 would build the capacity of the departments of plant protection and agriculture to manage Desert Locust outbreaks.
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    Accounting of Water for Improved Management of Water Resources - TCP/PAK/3606 2020
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    Pakistan’s population is expected to reach 221 million by 2025 and, coupled with growing impacts of climate change, the country is expected to respond to pressures on limited water resources due to population growth and a growing need for climate resilient livelihoods. As such, federal and provincial Pakistani authorities have recognized the importance of ensuring water availability and access in order to adequately respond to national agricultural, sanitation and industrial needs. Agricultural production is especially important given that the agricultural sector consumes close to 90 percent of all currently available fresh water supplies in the country. While agriculture accounts for the overwhelming majority of water resources used, it is also the sector responsible for producing more than 90 percent of the country’s food supply and generating 75 percent of the country’s export revenues. Unsurprisingly, agriculture and food production account for 20 percent of Pakistan’s gross domestic product (GDP). Therefore, rural livelihoods are particularly vulnerable to climate-driven water scarcity, given the country’s largely arid to semi-arid climate and its high dependency on a single river system: the Indus River Basin System. Despite being the world's largest contiguous irrigation system and the main water lifeline for Pakistan’s household consumption, sanitation and economic activities, there is insufficient data on water availability, use and governance specific to the Indus River Basin. Moreover, a marked increase in the number of private tube wells over the last 30 years has changed underground water pumping modalities. In light of the limited awareness on the importance of joint efforts for water management, the project helped establish these links between different uses of water along multiple sectors and locations around the country. It convened actors to assess water governance through a systems approach, where the concerns and priorities of all stakeholders concerned were reflected and understood by others.

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