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Management of Poplar defoliator (Clostera cupreata) through herbal approach









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    Utilization of Tribal Ethnobotanicals for control of mosquito and mosquito borne diseases and Covid herbal mask and sanitizer for the livelihood ofIrular tribes Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India 2022
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    The Irular are a Dravidian ethnic group inhabiting the Indian states of Tamil Nadu and they are facing many problems with mosquitoes, which are transmitting Malaria, dengue and filariasis etc. The tribal (Irular) plants, Phyllanthus emblica and Artemisia pallens from Western Ghats, Tamilnadu, India have been used the preparation of mosquito control agents. An effective mosquito larvicide and bio-mosquito coil has been prepared by use of above herbals to establish a powerful knockdown effect against larvae and adult mosquitoes, when compared with marketed synthetic products. A Mosquito coil (0.6 cm thickness) was prepared manually and shade dried and it has been demonstrated to tribal people. In laboratory conditions, the herbal formulations were found to possess toxicity against young instars (I, II, III, and IV) dengue vector, Aedes aegypti. Field trials have been conducted at the breeding sites of mosquitoes at stagnant water bodies and insect pests at the Agricultural forest ecosystem at tribal settlement at Nilgiris and Maruthamalai Hills. Bioassays have also been conducted against non-target organisms such as copepods, Mesocyclops aspericornis, Guppy fish, Poecilia reticulata and earthworm, Eudrilus eugeniae species. Herbal masks (covid-19) were prepared by infusion of herbal extract through Ayurvastra technique, and it has been demonstrated to the tribal community for their use for the mosquito repellent and as Covid facial masks. Less alcoholic and special herbal covid mask spray have also been made with herbals (neem, ginger, clove, turmeric, tulsi). The nanoformulations of herbal extract showed a potent antiplasmodial activities against CQ-resistant (CQ-r) and CQ-sensitive (CQ-s) strains of Plasmodium falciparum and Anti Dengue with moderate cytotoxicity was detected on Vero cells post-treatment. Formulations were tested for antimicrobial activities and it can be used as eco-friendly bioinsecticides and alternate herbal medicine for tribals. Keywords: Human Health and Well-being, Innovation, Adaptive and Integrated Management, Social Protection, Zoonotic diseases ID: 3644418
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    Document
    Forest invasive species in the NENA Region
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    The forest sector in the NENA region has similar ecological, social and economic contexts and functions. The NENA region is particularly vulnerable to climate change and, the climate is predicted to become even hotter and drier. Insect pests, pathogens and invasive plants can cause major damages in these ecosystems. The dieback of forest trees was caused by pests (insects and pathogens) and affects conifers, oak and Eucalypt species. Cedrus libani and Abies cilicica in Lebanon were affected by Cephalcia tannourinensis. Cedrus atlantica forests in Algeria and Morocco was affected by Thaumetopoea pityocampa and T. bonjeani. The fungus Cylindrocladium buxicola caused Boxwood Blight Buxus hyrcana in Iran. Juniperus procera in Saudi Arabia was mainly affected by fungal species, about 21 species belonging to 12 genera associated with roots and twigs were identified. The conifer seed bug, Leptoglossus occidentalis was detected on Pinus pinea, P. pinaster, P. brutia and P. halepensis in Lebanon, Morocco and Tunisia. Eucalyptus spp. of North Africa, Lebanon, Syria and Iran countries are threatened by Phoracantha semipunctata, P. recurva, Leptocybe invasa, Ophelimus maskelli and Glycaspis brimblecombei. In Sudan, dieback on Acacia nilotica was caused by silting and Roots rot belonging to Phytophtora, Pythium and Rhizoctonia genus. Deudorix livia was detected in Tunisia on Acacia farnesiana. Recently, the awful cochineal Dactylopius opuntiae was detected on Opuntia ficus-indica in Lebanon, Morocco, Jordan and Palestine. Besides these pests, the NENA region suffer from invasive plant species (trees, shrubs, herbaceous). Seventeen species were detected in Algeria, Yemen, Syria, Sudan, Saudi Arabia and Lebanon. To protect the forest against invasive species and to elaborate a specific standard approach for monitoring and management, the network in the NENA region should be standardized and the regional cooperation should be improved. Keywords: Climate change, Adaptive and integrated management, Biodiversity conservation, Agriculture, Landscape management ID: 3623155
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    Project
    Support for Preparation of an Effective Control Programme of the Invasive Euproctis Caterpillar - TCP/SEY/3705 2022
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    In 2015 Seychelles requested assistance from FAO to identify and contain an invasive pest known as the Euproctis caterpillar (sometimes also referred to as the hairy caterpillar) The pest poses risks to agricultural production, as it is a defoliator of several plant species that grow in Seychelles, and it also threatens human health because its stinging hairs can cause skin rashes, inflammation of the eyes and respiratory issues Infestations were reported in schools, and visitors to Seychelles have also had to visit health facilities due to contact with the Euproctis caterpillar The pest therefore threatens various sectors in the country, including agriculture, education, health and tourism Under the previously implemented project that followed Seychelles’ request for assistance from FAO, the species was identified, the extent of the damage caused by the pest was assessed, and a national control strategy was developed for environmentally friendly and economical control and containment Activities were also carried out to develop the capacities of national experts, the National Plant Protection Organization and the plant health protection system This project was designed to build upon the previous one by providing further support and technical assistance to implement control measures and continue to develop capacities to manage the outbreak through the Integrated Pest Management ( approach The project targeted the National Biosecurity Agency ( as the Agency was tasked with developing and implementing an intensive management programme for the hairy caterpillar.

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