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Compost from organic bio solids – Production, socioeconomics and impact on soil productivity

Final report on compost research










FAO. 2020. Compost from organic bio solids – Production, socioeconomics and impact on the soil productivity. Amman.





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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Compost as solid waste management in Jordan
    Making every voice count for adaptive management (MEV-CAM) good practices: engage, learn, inspire
    2023
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    Zaatari Refugee Camp (ZRC), in Northern Jordan, is the seventh-largest refugee camp globally, and it hosts around 80 000 Syrian refugees. This new population generates 34 metric tons (MT) of waste, which is collected and trucked out of the camp daily. Disposing the solid waste has become one of the most serious environmental problems in Jordan, with much of its waste ending up in landfill. FAO in Jordan established a 16 MT capacity waste processing facility within the framework of the “Enhancing resilient livelihoods and food security of hostcommunities and Syrian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon through the promotion of sustainable agricultural development” project, funded by the EU through its Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian crisis (MADAD). The project is implemented by FAO in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture,WFP and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). As a result, nearly 1,000 tons of waste is turned into compost annually. Composting is an excellent way of reducing the amount of solid waste going into landfills. Composting is a natural breakdown process which turns raw organic materials into biologically stable organic fertilisers or soil conditioner. Compost is crucial in the agricultural sector because of its positive effect on soil and plant health, without damaging groundwater. This practice has improved the sustainability of the ZRC, provided jobs for refugees and improved soil conditions for local farmers. The reader will be able to know more about this good practice,which was extracted by FAO's MEV-CAM initiative, working alongside communities participating in the MADAD project in Zaatari Fefugee Camp. This document aims to show the impact of good practices on local communities, from their own perspective. MEV-CAM will share these insights through the South –South Cooperation Knowledge Gateway, a platform designed to link the local knowledge held in these good practices with technical guidance.
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    Project
    Improving Rural Livelihoods and the Environment Through the Integral Utilization of Residues of Treated Waste Water and Organic Solid Waste for the Production of Renewable Energy and Compost in Mafraq Governorate of Jordan - TCP/JOR/3602 2020
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    As the Syrian crisis continues to escalate, the influx of refugees in neighbouring countries places an growing burden on affected areas. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) determined that Jordan hosts around 620 000 registered refugees, while the Government has estimated that there is a total of 1.4 million refugees in the country. In Mafraq, the refugee population lives in distress, while the broader population is also affected by the refugee influx. In December 2019, there were 75 993 individuals and 17 655 families registered at the Zaatari refugee camp. Stakeholders in the Zaatari community continue to pursue the creation of job opportunities for residents, with a record 13 220 active work permits being reached in October 2019. Although job opportunities are traditionally dominated by the agriculture sector, the waste sector offers potential for the development of additional “green” jobs. In Jordan, the level of municipal solid waste has grown rapidly over the past two decades, while the influx of refugees has exponentially increased its rate of production. Much of the solid waste produced finds its way to landfills, most of which are classified as unsanitary dump sites. On top of the strain being placed on the waste management system, the influx of refugees has also driven an increased demand for energy. This TCP project was therefore designed to make use of waste in the Zaatari municipality in the creation of sustainable job opportunities that promote compost production for agricultural purposes and the generation of energy.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Soil management: compost production and use in tropical and subtropical environments
    FAO Soils Bulletin No. 56
    1987
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    The objective of this Soils Bulletin is to promote the use of locally available organic materials to increase soil organic matter content for improvement of soil fertility, and as a sources of plant nutrients in conjunction with mineral fertilizers. This manual is written for all those concerned with the maintenance and improvement of soil fertility, especially under tropical and subtropical conditions. It contains material for use in farmer training. The severe drought and famine in parts of Africa in 1985 have shown the necessity for adequate soil organic matter to prevent hillside erosion and to retain moisture in the soil for crop growth. The cost of mineral fertilizers and their relative scarcity in some areas has increased the need to recycle waste organic materials as sources of crop nutrients. This Bulletin explains the basic composting process, suitable organic wastes, practical composting methods, use of the product in a variety of situations and a consideration of econo mic and social benefits. It also deals with approaches to practical extension work with farmers on the subject.

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