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Improving Rural Livelihoods and the Environment Through the Integral Utilization of Residues of Treated Waste Water and Organic Solid Waste for the Production of Renewable Energy and Compost in Mafraq Governorate of Jordan - TCP/JOR/3602









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    Project
    Generating Renewable Energy and Creating Green Jobs to Improve Livelihoods for Refugees and Host Communities in MAFRAQ Governorate - GCP/JOR/017/EC 2022
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    Jordan has been severely impacted by the crisis in the neighbouring Syrian Arab Republic, with Mafraq Governorate in particular hosting one of the largest populations of Syrian refugees. The project aimed to enhance the economic growth potential of the local economy of Mafraq, and particularly of Zaatari municipality, through an innovative intervention promoting private sector enterprise development and stimulating the creation of decent green jobs in an environmentally sustainable manner. Specifically, it aimed to improve livelihoods with increased green job opportunities for the most vulnerable communities in the area, and to enhance environmental conditions through integral utilization of residues of treated waste water and biosolids in order to generate renewable energy and compost. The generation of renewable energy, in particular, was to be achieved through the adoption of sustainable and labour-intensive “waste to energy” and “waste to compost” processes. The anticipated benefits of this action were threefold: (i) a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, (ii) a decrease in the costs of solid and liquid waste disposal in Zaatari municipality, in particular in the Zaatari refugee camp, and (iii) the generation of green job opportunities.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Compost from organic bio solids – Production, socioeconomics and impact on soil productivity
    Final report on compost research
    2020
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    The purpose of the publication is to provide a brief scientific overview and guidance to the government and researchers on the positive results of composting, recommending that they adopt a policy that encourages composting from organic waste, and demonstrating that the expected impact of compost production and its use in agriculture can be viewed from different angles. The organic fraction of the bio-solid waste is utilized as a resource to produce compost. The production process allows the organic part of the waste to be eliminated from the traditional disposal channel (landfill), in order to create an environmentally compatible waste management system. Production of compost enhances the economic growth potential of the local economy in Mafraq Governorate by promoting private sector enterprise development and stimulating decent green job creation in an environmentally sustainable manner. The suitable venue for the application of produced compost is rangelands, to improve the physical and chemical properties of poor soils. This improvement will be reflected in the enhancing diversity, productivity and quality of rangeland forage plants. Pastoral animal production will benefit from this. The main objective of the compost research was to improve the livelihoods of rural communities and reduce hazards to the environment in Mafraq Governorate. The compost research consisted of three main activities: i) carrying out a socioeconomic survey in Mafraq Governorate to assess the use of organic fertilizers in agriculture; ii) conducting trials to produce quality compost from organic solid wastes and liquid sludge generated at Zaatari camp; and iii) conducting trials on using the produced compost as a soil conditioner for growing some selected forest, rangeland, and forage plants.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Compost as solid waste management in Jordan
    Making every voice count for adaptive management (MEV-CAM) good practices: engage, learn, inspire
    2023
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    Zaatari Refugee Camp (ZRC), in Northern Jordan, is the seventh-largest refugee camp globally, and it hosts around 80 000 Syrian refugees. This new population generates 34 metric tons (MT) of waste, which is collected and trucked out of the camp daily. Disposing the solid waste has become one of the most serious environmental problems in Jordan, with much of its waste ending up in landfill. FAO in Jordan established a 16 MT capacity waste processing facility within the framework of the “Enhancing resilient livelihoods and food security of hostcommunities and Syrian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon through the promotion of sustainable agricultural development” project, funded by the EU through its Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian crisis (MADAD). The project is implemented by FAO in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture,WFP and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). As a result, nearly 1,000 tons of waste is turned into compost annually. Composting is an excellent way of reducing the amount of solid waste going into landfills. Composting is a natural breakdown process which turns raw organic materials into biologically stable organic fertilisers or soil conditioner. Compost is crucial in the agricultural sector because of its positive effect on soil and plant health, without damaging groundwater. This practice has improved the sustainability of the ZRC, provided jobs for refugees and improved soil conditions for local farmers. The reader will be able to know more about this good practice,which was extracted by FAO's MEV-CAM initiative, working alongside communities participating in the MADAD project in Zaatari Fefugee Camp. This document aims to show the impact of good practices on local communities, from their own perspective. MEV-CAM will share these insights through the South –South Cooperation Knowledge Gateway, a platform designed to link the local knowledge held in these good practices with technical guidance.

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