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Antimicrobial Use in Livestock Production and Antimicrobial Resistance in Asia-Pacific

APHCA Research Brief No. 12-10








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    Regional Consultative Workshop on Antimicrobial Resistance Risk Associated with Aquaculture in the Asia-Pacific
    Bangkok, Thailand, 4–6 September 2018
    2021
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    Aquaculture sector in Asia-Pacific has grown rapidly during the past four decades and contributed significantly to food security, nutrition, livelihood and overall socioeconomic development in the region. Meanwhile, disease problem has become increasingly challenging in aquaculture. Un-prudent and poorly controlled use of anti-microbial in animal disease control in aquaculture can have significant contribution to AMR risk. Although the control over the use of antimicrobial in aquaculture through some regulatory frameworks has been strengthened over the past decade in the region, it is far from adequate and effective in many Asian countries. In order to support the members to effectively address AMR in aquaculture for public health and sustainability of the sector, FAO and Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA) jointly organized the regional consultation on AMR associated with aquaculture in Asia-Pacific on 4-6 September 2018. This publication documents the conduct of the regional consultation and its outputs, which identified major issues and gaps in tackling AMR issue in aquaculture and recommended desirable interventions and long-term strategy to effective mitigate AMR risk related to aquaculture in the region. The document also includes the seven country case studies on status of use of antimicrobial in aquaculture and the efforts to manage the risks of antimicrobial resistance, which were presented at the regional consultation.
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    Forest Carbon Tenure in Asia-Pacific: A comparative analysis of legal trends to define carbon rights in Asia-Pacific 2012
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    The complexities of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations and Kyoto Protocol, highlighted several issues concerning the approaches to be adopted to use, promote and regulate the use of forests as carbon sinks, reservoirs, service providers and source of renewable energy. Recently, inside and outside the UNFCCC negotiations, a series of efforts have begun to develop mechanisms for “Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation” (REDD+). The UNFCCC in Cancun (Mexico), held in December 2010, identified several areas where a balanced “package” of outcomes could be agreed. These issues include reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries, including conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon sinks (REDD+). Those developments pose dilemma for decision-makers and legislators to establish how climate change mitigation and adaptation initiatives will have to addr ess forest tenure issues in order to foresee, plan and distribute risks and benefits derived from carbon sequestration activities.

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