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Circular (bio) economy of Brazilian planted-forest based industry: a successful case towards a sustainable, inclusive and innovative green path

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022










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    Multiple uses of forest biomass as nature-based solution in order to increase the share of green and renewable energy at the energy matrix of several industries
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    The Brazilian Tree Industry (Ibá) is the association responsible for institutionally representing the planted tree production chain with its main stakeholders. Ibá represents 50 companies and 9 state entities for products originating from planted trees, most notably wood panels, laminate flooring, pulp, paper, charcoal steel industry and biomass, as well as independent producers and financial investors which together contribute with 7% of Brazil’s industrial Gross Domestic Product.
    The sector holds 9 million hectares of planted trees and 5.9 million hectares for conservation. The total forest area removes carbon from the atmosphere and stores the carbon into six carbon pools with the potential of storing 4,48 bi TCO2e.
    Forest biomass also plays an important role of avoiding carbon emission to the atmosphere when used in industry. By investing in circular bioeconomy this industry has transformed a residue from pulp mills into a source of renewable bioenergy - the black liquor, which represents 69% of the total energy needed by the sector. Adding 20% of forest biomass chip and shavings, the energy matrix of this sector reaches 89% of renewability. Additionally, Brazil is the global leader of charcoal production (12%). 1.8 ton CO2eq is avoided for each ton of pig iron. Such contribution has gained attention from ENDP and GEF, both organizations support an initiative called Sustainable Steelmaking Project - unique from Brazil and that has significant importance in social, environmental and economic aspects. The charcoal industry may also be able to increase energy production by using the gases from pyrolysis through a cogeneration process. Looking at the future, the sector has been investing in innovation to, in the mid-long term, offer bio-oils and 2nd generation ethanol which may contribute mostly for transportation industry – road and aviation. The forest carbon has an innate role at circular economy and provides renewable services and products, especially bioenergy. Keywords: Climate change, Value chain, Innovation ID: 3487071
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    How Brazilian Tree Industry can help complying with climate change agenda linked to Sustainable Development Goals, Global Forest Goals and Brazilian NDC under Paris Agreement
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    The Brazilian Tree Industry (Ibá) is the association responsible for institutionally representing the planted tree production chain with its main stakeholders. Ibá represents 50 companies and 9 state entities for products originating from planted trees, most notably wood panels, laminate flooring, pulp, paper, charcoal steel industry and biomass, as well as independent producers and financial investors which together contribute with 7% of Brazil’s industrial Gross Domestic Product. The sector holds 9 million hectares of planted trees and 5.9 million hectares for conservation.
    The Brazilian NDC aiming at reducing GHG emissions in 37%by 2025 and 43% by 2030. Such an ambitious goal will demand, according to the Government, the restoration of 12 million hectares of forest, achieve zero illegal deforestation in Amazonia, attain 45% of renewable energy and 18% of bioenergy and ensure compliance with the Forest Code.
    This industry has a substantial contribution to several Global Forest Goals of UNFF and SDGs from Agenda 2030, in terms of adaptation and mitigation of climate change. Regardless the goal and governance related, both in national or international level, Brazilian planted-tree sector plays an important role and this paper aims to show how.
    As a brief the sector is now monitoring dozens and reporting 17 KPIs on water management; 89% of the energy is renewable and 67% is produced in-house; 67% of paper is recycled, 4.48 billion tons of CO2e is stored in almost 15 million hectares of forests for commercial and conservation purposes. At steel industry, each ton of pig iron produced with charcoal coming from planted forest as a substitution from coal, avoids the issue of 1.8 ton CO2eq. At civil construction, the use of wood stocks 0.5 on of CO2e per square meter of construction, compared to the use of conventional materials. The carbon removed from atmosphere is fixed in the biomass that will become products and can store from 45% up to 85% of the mass products. Keywords: Climate change, Adaptive and integrated management, Economic Development ID: 3487149
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    Sectoral performance of water management in plantations-based industry
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    The plantations-based industry in Brazil holds near 8 mi ha of planted trees and sets aside 5.6 mi ha for conservation. It provides raw materials for more than 5 thousand products that represent 7% of Brazil’s industrial GDP.
    When it comes to water, the sector has been historically researching the relationship between this resource and plantations. But since 2014, Ibá, the association representing politically and institutionally this sector, started leading initiatives to give more space to this theme, moving it towards a strategic and proactive approach.
    The remarkable and most recent initiative is the unprecedented report "Taking care of water is taking care of everyone's future", which aims at providing governance and transparency to the continuous monitoring of the main water management practices in the plantations-based companies.
    The monitoring is based on KPIs collaboratively defined with research institutes and covers the usage of water in nurseries, forests, industry, and the corporate environment from 2016 to 2019. Many of those KPIs are linked to SDG 6, 9, 12, and 15 as well as to the UNFF GFG 1 and 4. The report as a whole provides a basis for the ESG concept, as well.
    The results have shown that forest management practices that balance production and water availability together with increased efficiency in industry and multistakeholder dialogue are the backbone of water management in this sector. The highlighted results are: 100% of the companies adopt practices that conserve the soil and water, such as protection of springs and prevention of erosion; and 82% and 53% of the water captured by the pulp and paper and the panel industries, respectively, return to the water bodies after treatment.
    The report also has 11 projects that give a practical overview of how the KPIs are being implemented by companies and sets publically and straightforward commitments that reflect the attention of this industry with the shared-responsibility of this natural resource. Keywords: Monitoring and data collection|Adaptive and integrated management|Sustainable forest management ID: 3486863

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