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Aquaculture development 6 - Use of wild fishery resources for capture-based aquaculture









FAO. Aquaculture development. 6. Use of wild fishery resources for capture based aquaculture. FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries. No. 5, Suppl. 6. Rome, FAO. 2011.



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    Capture-based aquaculture. Global overview. 2008
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    Aquaculture is a diverse and multibillion dollar economic sector that uses various strategies for fish production. The harvesting of wild individuals from very early stages in the life cycle to large mature adults for on-growing under confined and controlled conditions is one of these strategies. This system, referred to as capture-based aquaculture, is practised throughout the world using a variety of marine and freshwater species with important environmental, social and economic implications. The need to evaluate the sustainability of this farming practice in light of its economic viability, the wise use of natural resources and socio-environmental impacts as a whole has been extensively discussed at national, regional and international levels. In 2004, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) launched a project entitled “Towards sustainable aquaculture – selected issues and guidelines” funded by the Government of Japan which included a thematic component o n the use of wild fish and fishery resources for aquaculture production. The objective is to produce a set of technical guidelines that would assist policy-makers in developing informed and appropriate capture-based aquaculture regulations that would take into account the use and conservation of the aquatic resources exploited. This publication contains technical information prepared in support of and background material for the “FAO international workshop on technical guidelines for the respo nsible use of wild fish and fishery resources for capture-based aquaculture production” held in Viet Nam in October 2007. The first draft of the technical guidelines on capture-based aquaculture was produced during this meeting. This publication contains two parts. Part 1 consists of two reviews on (a) environmental and biodiversity and (b) social and economic impacts of capture-based aquaculture and Part 2 consists of eleven species review papers. Both marine and freshwater examples have been r eviewed and include finfish (mullet, bluefin tuna, European eel, cod, grouper, yellowtail, Clarias catfish, Indian major carps, and snakehead and Pangasiid catfish), crustaceans (mud crab) and molluscs (oyster).
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    Capture-based aquaculture. The fattening of eels, groupers, tunas and yellowtails 2004
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    CAPTURE-BASED AQUACULTURE defines and reviews certain practices that are on the interface between aquaculture and capture fisheries. Specifically, the report considers the on-growing or fattening of four species groups - eels, groupers, tunas and yellowtails, which is based on the use of wild-caught “seed”. The report commences with an introductory section on the overlap between aquaculture and fisheries and their global trends. Chapters on the four species groups follow, which each contain sect ions on species identification; fishery trends; the supply and transfer of “seed” for stocking purposes; aquaculture trends; culture systems; feeds and feeding regimes; fish health; harvesting; and marketing. Further chapters review the environmental and social/economic impacts of capture-based aquaculture, together with the relevant fisheries and aquaculture management issues. Finally, the report reviews food safety issues and draws some conclusions that identify topics for future consideration .
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    Fishing operations. 3. Best practices to improve safety at sea in the fisheries sector 2015
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    These guidelines have been produced to support implementation of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries with regard to safety at sea in the fisheries sector. Their purpose is to enable relevant authorities to develop and implement strategies aimed at improved safety, health and conditions of service at sea in capture fisheries and aquaculture operations. They apply to all commercial fishing activities, as well as activities at sea within the aquaculture sector. Furthermore, the principles therein, may also be applied to vessels engaged in fisheries research. However, while these guidelines are not directed at sport and recreational activities carried out within the aquatic environment, administrations responsible for such sectors may well take note of the safety and health issues therein.

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