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Sustaining Peace Webinar I: The role of conflict-sensitive natural resource management approaches










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    Document
    Sustaining Peace Webinar I: The role of conflict-sensitive natural resource management approaches
    Webinar report - 23 January 2018
    2018
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    Interventions supporting food security and nutrition play a critical role in protecting and saving lives and livelihoods and in strengthening resilience in conflict-affected situations. However, interventions supporting livelihoods, particularly those focused on natural resource management, can also play an important role in sustaining peace and in directly preventing conflict, through a number of different pathways. Some of these pathways are explored in the 2017 State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World report on ‘Building Resilience for Peace and Food Security’, and are referenced in the 2015 CFS Framework For Action for Food Security and Nutrition in Protracted Crises (CFS-FFA). This webinar examined the linkages between natural resource management (NRM), investment in resilient agricultural livelihoods and contributions to peacebuilding and sustaining peace. It explored how conflict-sensitive approaches to natural resource access and use can make contribution to sustaining peace, and how investments in building resilience can help reduce specific conflict drivers. The event drew on and be illustrated by examples from: 1. SIPRI’s perspectives on climate security and management of natural resource conflicts, focusing on laying the foundations for socially, economically and politically resilient peace; 2. Mercy Corps/pact’s experience on natural resource sharing agreements between the Dodoth and Turkana in Uganda to strengthen communities’ capacities to manage interethnic conflicts; and 3. FAO’s work on natural resource access and use between Misseriya and Dinka Ngok communities through a multi-sector livelihood project in the contested Abyei Administrative Area (AAA).
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    Booklet
    Somalia – Strengthening the resilience of rural communities through conflict-sensitive programming: Translating context analysis and conflict-sensitive recommendations into adjustment in project implementation in Lower Shabelle region
    Conflict and protracted crises learning brief
    2022
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    This learning brief documents learning around promising programme approaches that can support decision-making and resource allocation processes towards durable solutions to food crises. More specifically it provides an overview of the linkages between the conflict-sensitive programming approach undertaken by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Somalia and the related adjustments into the Global Network against Food Crises (GNAFC) project implementation. The brief showcases key learning on the role of water governance in reducing local-level natural resource-based conflict in the Lower Shabelle region of Somalia. Conflict‑sensitive programming - informed by a context analysis – is a fundamental requirement so that projects and programmes are undertaken with a clear understanding of contextual dynamics, thereby lessening their potential to exacerbate tensions, disputes, and conflicts while enhancing contributions to sustaining peace.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    The Programme Clinic: Designing conflict-sensitive interventions - Approaches to working in fragile and conflict-affected contexts
    Facilitation guide
    2019
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    In 2018 FAO approved its Corporate Framework to Support Sustainable Peace in the Context of Agenda 2030, committing FAO to a more deliberate and transformative impact on sustaining peace, within the scope of its mandate. The foundational element for FAO supported interventions to - at a minimum - do no harm, or to identify where they may contribute to sustaining peace, is to understand contextual dynamics and how they could interact with a proposed intervention. This is essentially what conflict-sensitive programming means. The Programme Clinic Facilitation Guide is a key step in operationalising this, being a structured participatory analysis designed to identify and integrate “conflict-sensitive” strategies into the design and implementation of FAO interventions. The objective is to minimise the risk of any negative or harmful impacts, as well as maximise any positive contributions towards strengthening and consolidating conditions for sustainable local peace. The Programme Clinic is designed in a way that empowers staff from the decentralised offices to facilitate the process effectively without needing to rely on external expert facilitation. The Programme Clinic is an intuitive multi-step process that enables participants to effectively engage in conflict-sensitive analysis and design thinking even if they have no previous training in conflict sensitivity. The process itself, when done effectively, has a secondary effect of building greater awareness of and competence in conflict-sensitive thinking in those participating in Programme Clinics. Both a detailed facilitators’ as well as participants’ guide have been produced to support the Programme Clinic approach.

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