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Wheat production and regional food security in CIS: The case of Belarus, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan









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    Book (stand-alone)
    Wheat Landraces in Farmers’ Fields in Uzbekistan
    National Survey, Collection, and Conservation, 2010-2015
    2015
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    Using valuable genetic resources of local origin for improving wheat is essential for current breeding projects of Uzbekistan. Thus, the main objective of the current project was to identify the areas of Tajikistan where wheat landraces and old varieties are still grown and make collections of them. With this purpose, a survey was carried out in mountainous districts of Uzbekistan during 2013-2014. The farmers who still maintain these landraces were interviewed with the goal of understanding soc io-economic issues of growing landraces. Collections of the landraces and old varieties were made from the farms identified by the survey.
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    Renewable energy interventions in the wheat landscape in Uzbekistan 2023
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    Energy, climate change and agriculture are closely interlinked, and the introduction of renewable energy interventions in the agriculture sector can catalyse poverty reduction and climate change mitigation. The agricultural is an important sector of the economy for Uzbekistan as it employ over 26 percent of the total working population. Uzbekistan has universal access to energy in addition to significant fossil fuel resources, which are supported by a well-extended energy distribution network. However, the energy sector faces several challenges due to inefficient and outdated infrastructure, resulting in high losses as well as power outages, especially in rural areas. Access to stable energy is essential to rural farmers, especially for irrigation, as the impact of climate change is expected to intensify in the near future. This report is part of the technical analysis that informs the GEFs project preparation grant application (PPG) under the GEFs food system, land use and restoration (FOLUR) impact programme. The focus of the analysis is on three regions of Uzbekistan: the Republic of Karakalpakstan, Kashkadarya and Khorezm. Firstly, the report provides an overview of solar energy, wind energy and specific elements of bioenergy potential. Building on this, the report identifies specific renewable energy interventions that can enhance the agriculture production of wheat landscapes in the selected regions in Uzbekistan. In addition to the wheat value chain, the alfalfa, dairy and horticulture chains were identified as important chains for the country and the specific regions being considered. Furthermore, the assessment provides details on the specific types of renewable energy interventions that could be implemented for the specific value chains under evaluation, as well as the related costs and investment requirements. These interventions can help stabilize access to energy for farmers and overcome some of the current access shortages.
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    Report of the Regional Scoping Workshop on the Use of Irrigation Systems for Fish Production in Central Asia. Tashkent, Uzbekistan, 17–20 July 2007. 2008
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    The Regional Scoping Workshop on the Use of Irrigation Systems for Fish Production in Central Asia (Tashkent, Uzbekistan, 1720 July 2007) was organized by the Scientific Information Center of the Interstate Coordination Water Commission (SICICWC), in close collaboration with FAO and with assistance from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Turkey (MARA). The Workshop was held in the context of a decreasing inland capture fisheries and aquaculture production in all of the Central Asia n countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan), after independence from the former Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics in the early 1990s. Millions of rural households in the Central Asian region are dependent to some extent on inland water resources for their livelihoods; inland capture fisheries and aquaculture are potentially important sources of food, income and employment for many of them. The Workshop aimed to build awareness among policy-makers, admin istrators and representatives of the irrigation and fishery sectors on the need to share information and increase collaboration and review the current status of inland capture fisheries in irrigation systems at the national level in the five Central Asian countries. It also aimed to analyse recent achievements, constraints and opportunities for future increase in inland capture and aquaculture production in irrigation systems in each of the countries. The Workshop was attended by stakeholders fr om each of the five Central Asian countries. The Workshop participants produced a number of conclusions and practical recommendations in support of inland capture fisheries and aquaculture rehabilitation and development in irrigation systems in Central Asia.

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