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Urban forests in Lebanon - Briefing note









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    Located in the Keserwan-Jbeil region of Lebanon, the Jabal Moussa Biosphere Reserve (N 34º 03’ 43.93”, E 35º 46’ 09.84”) is bordered by the Nahr Ibrahim river to the north and the Nahr el Dahab river to the south. The area of the reserve is approximately 6 500 ha large and the range of altitudes (350 to 1 600 m) is responsible for a wide variety of habitats. A typical Mediterranean ecosystem is located within the reserve, where evergreen sclerophylic shrubs and forests are the most common type o f vegetation spread on karstic landscapes and steep slopes. Jabal Moussa was designated as a Protected Forest by the Lebanese Ministry of Agriculture in 2008. A year later, it was declared as a Biosphere Reserve under UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Program, as well as an Important Bird Area by Bird Life International. Like all UNESCO Biosphere Reserves, Jabal Moussa is divided into three main management zones: core area, buffer zone, and development or transition zone (Figure
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    Mapping global urban and rural population distributions
    Estimates of future global population distribution to 2015
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    This monograph is part of a series of reports that explain and illustrate methods for applying spatial analysis techniques to investigate poverty and environment links worldwide. Analysing population distribution in relation to poverty and environmental factors is increasingly recognized as a valuable element in decision-making processes related to development issues. Accurately mapping and assessing vulnerable populations can provide a solid basis for recommendations on how best to reduce pover ty and improve living conditions in developing countries. In this report, the various definitions of the terms 'urban' and 'rural' are reviewed, along with data from the United Nations and other sources, and various georeferenced sources are assessed for their usefulness to the geospatial analysis of population distribution. The report examines two widely used global georeferenced population datasets, reviews recent methodological developments for distinguishing urban and rural populations spati ally and presents a method for creating an urban mask and determining variations in the distribution of urban and rural populations, by pixel. The report concludes with a brief discussion of unresolved issues and future challenges. Finally, the Annex details a method for estimating global population distribution to the year 2015 using data from over 375 000 subnational units.
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    A closer look at the forests in Lebanon 2020
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    In Lebanon, forests and other wooded lands provide a wide range of ecosystem products and services. In 2014, the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) initiated with the support of FAO Lebanon the process of developing the National Afforestation/Reforestation Program (NARP), also known as the “40 Million Trees Program”. The program aims at planting 40 million forest trees in public lands within the next 20 years FAO is contributing to this Program by planting more than 500 000 seedlings on an area up to 1000 ha and managing around 1000 ha of existing forests, with local NGOs and partners.

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